Sovereign Wealth Fund - SWF


DEFINITION of 'Sovereign Wealth Fund - SWF'

Pools of money derived from a country's reserves, which are set aside for investment purposes that will benefit the country's economy and citizens. The funding for a sovereign wealth fund (SWF) comes from central bank reserves that accumulate as a result of budget and trade surpluses, and even from revenue generated from the exports of natural resources. The types of acceptable investments included in each SWF vary from country to country; countries with liquidity concerns limit investments to only very liquid public debt instruments.

BREAKING DOWN 'Sovereign Wealth Fund - SWF'

Some countries have created SWFs to diversify their revenue streams. For example, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) relies on oil exports for its wealth. Therefore, it devotes a portion of its reserves to an SWF that invests in other types of assets that can act as a shield against oil-related risk.

The amount of money in these SWF is substantial. As of May 2007, the UAE's fund was worth more than $875 billion. The estimated value of all SWFs is pegged at $2.5 trillion.

  1. Brunei Investment Agency

    The Brunei Investment Agency is a government-owned investment ...
  2. Revenue Regulation Fund

    The Revenue Regulation Fund is a sovereign wealth fund for the ...
  3. Hong Kong Monetary Authority Investment ...

    A sovereign wealth fund of the Government of the Hong Kong Special ...
  4. State Oil Fund (Azerbaijan)

    A sovereign wealth fund established by the Republic of Azerbaijan. ...
  5. Alberta Investment Management Corporation ...

    A government-owned investment-management corporation headquartered ...
  6. Pula Fund

    The Pula Fund is a sovereign wealth fund established in 1994 ...
Related Articles
  1. Active Trading Fundamentals

    The 4 Biggest Private Equity Firms in London

    Discover information about the largest private equity firms that are headquartered in London, ranked by total assets under management.
  2. Investing Basics

    Sovereign Wealth Funds - Friend Or Foe?

    With $5.86 trillion in assets as of September 2013, SWFs have a great deal of clout in financial markets. But as the majority of SWFs are located in the Middle East and Asia, whether these largely ...
  3. Economics

    Exploring The Current Account In The Balance Of Payments

    Learn how a country's current account balance reflects the country's economic health.
  4. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    An Introduction To Sovereign Wealth Funds

    Countries use sovereign wealth funds to stabilize their economies, but these investments can lack transparency.
  5. Personal Finance

    What Are Central Banks?

    They print money, they control inflation, and much, much more. All you need to know about central banks is here.
  6. Investing

    Have Commodities Bottomed?

    Commodity prices have been heading lower for more than four years, being the worst performing asset class of 2015 with more losses in cyclical commodities.
  7. Professionals

    How Brokers are Candy-Coating Alternatives

    Alternatives have become a sexy choice for many advisors. But they also come with additional risks that are not always clearly spelled out to clients.
  8. Investing

    What is Carried Interest?

    Carried interest is the percentage of a private equity or a hedge fund’s profits that its general partners receive as compensation.
  9. Investing

    Costs New Investors in Real Estate Do Not Consider

    As lucrative as real estate investment can be, there are a multitude of costs that new real estate investors must consider.
  10. Investing

    A Look at 6 Leading Female Value Investors

    In an industry still largely predominated by men, we look at 6 leading female value investors working today.
  1. How do central banks acquire currency reserves and how much are they required to ...

    A currency reserve is a currency that is held in large amounts by governments and other institutions as part of their foreign ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Can mutual funds invest in hedge funds?

    Mutual funds are legally allowed to invest in hedge funds. However, hedge funds and mutual funds have striking differences ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Where do penny stocks trade?

    Generally, penny stocks are traded through the use of the Over the Counter Bulletin Board (OTCBB) and through pink sheets. ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Where can I buy penny stocks?

    Some penny stocks, those using the definition of trading for less than $5 per share, are traded on regular exchanges such ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How are American Depository Receipts (ADRs) priced?

    The price of an American depositary receipt (ADR) is determined by the bank or other financial institution that issues it. ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How are American Depository Receipts (ADRs) exchanged?

    American depositary receipts (ADRs) are bought and sold on regular U.S. stock exchanges, either in the over-the-counter market ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Capitalization Rate

    The rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the income that the property is expected to generate.
  2. Gross Profit

    A company's total revenue (equivalent to total sales) minus the cost of goods sold. Gross profit is the profit a company ...
  3. Revenue

    The amount of money that a company actually receives during a specific period, including discounts and deductions for returned ...
  4. Normal Profit

    An economic condition occurring when the difference between a firm’s total revenue and total cost is equal to zero.
  5. Operating Cost

    Expenses associated with the maintenance and administration of a business on a day-to-day basis.
  6. Cost Of Funds

    The interest rate paid by financial institutions for the funds that they deploy in their business. The cost of funds is one ...
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!