Split-Up

What is a 'Split-Up'

A split-up is a corporate action in which a single company splits into two or more separately run companies. Shares of the original company are exchanged for shares in the new companies, with the exact distribution of shares depending on each situation. This is an effective way to break up a company into several independent companies. After a split-up, the original company ceases to exist.

BREAKING DOWN 'Split-Up'

A company can split up for many reasons, but it typically happens for strategic reasons or because the government mandates it. Some companies have a broad range of business lines, often completely unrelated. This can make it difficult for a single management team to maximize the profitability of each line. It can be much more beneficial to shareholders to split up the company into several independent companies, so that each line can be managed individually to maximize profits. The government can also force the splitting up of a company, usually due to concerns over monopolistic practices. In this situation, it is mandatory that each segment of a company that is split up be completely independent from the others, effectively ending the monopoly.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. How and why does a stock split?

    Learn why stock splits do not occur very often for individual stocks, and understand the impact of reverse stock splits on ... Read Answer >>
  2. What are reverse stock splits?

    A reverse stock split is a corporate action in which a company reduces the number of shares it has outstanding by a set multiple. ... Read Answer >>
  3. How does a company decide when it is going to split its stock?

    Learn why some companies decide to split their shares, and understand how they think it helps the stock's liquidity and future ... Read Answer >>
  4. Why would a company perform a reverse stock split?

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  5. What happens to the value of a mutual fund when a stock splits?

    Find out what happens to the value of a mutual fund when a stock in its portfolio splits, including how stock splits work ... Read Answer >>
  6. Does a stock split lead to the gapping up/down of the stock?

    If a company splits its stock, there will be no gapping of the stock due to the split itself. A stock split does not materially ... Read Answer >>
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