Spousal IRA

DEFINITION of 'Spousal IRA'

A type of individual retirement account that allows a working spouse to contribute to a nonworking spouse's retirement savings. A spousal IRA creates an exception to the provision that an individual must have earned income to contribute to an IRA. The working spouse's income, however, must equal or exceed the total IRA contributions made on behalf of both spouses.

BREAKING DOWN 'Spousal IRA'

To qualify to make spousal IRA contributions, the couple also must file a joint tax return. Spousal IRAs can be either traditional or Roth IRAs, and are subject to the same annual contribution limits, income limits and catch-up contribution provisions as traditional and Roth IRAs. While IRAs cannot be held jointly in both spouse's names, spouses can share their account distributions in retirement.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. What are the contribution limits for a Spousal IRA?

    The contribution limits for spousal IRAs change over time; for 2014, the limit for all IRAs was the lesser of $5,500 (or ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How do I roll over a spousal IRA?

    “Rollover,” in regard to finances, generally means “transfer.” To roll over a spousal IRA, the assumption is that the spouse ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. My spouse has little/no income. Can I contribute to my spouse's IRA?

    Yes. You may make a Traditional IRA contribution to your spouse's Traditional IRA because you have eligible compensation. There ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Am I losing the right to collect spousal Social Security benefits before I collect ...

    The short answer is yes, if you haven't reached age 62 by December 31, 2015. The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 disrupted ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Where else can I save for retirement after I max out my Roth IRA?

    With uncertainty about the sustainability of Social Security benefits for future retirees, a lot of responsibility for saving ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. When can catch-up contributions start?

    Most qualified retirement plans such as 401(k), 403(b) and SIMPLE 401(k) plans, as well as individual retirement accounts ... Read Full Answer >>
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