Standard of Value

DEFINITION of 'Standard of Value'

An agreed-upon value for a transaction in a country's medium of exchange, such as the dollar or peso. A standard of value allows all merchants and economic entities to set uniform prices for goods and services. This standard is necessary in order to maintain a stable economy.

BREAKING DOWN 'Standard of Value'

Historically, gold has been used as a standard of value in many countries. The U.S. went off the gold standard domestically in 1934 and internationally in 1971. A floating rate of currency exchange is now used instead.