Stochastic Modeling

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Stochastic Modeling'

A method of financial modeling in which one or more variables within the model are random. Stochastic modeling is for the purpose of estimating the probability of outcomes within a forecast to predict what conditions might be like under different situations. The random variables are usually constrained by historical data, such as past market returns.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Stochastic Modeling'

The Monte Carlo Simulation is an example of a stochastic model used in finance. When used in portfolio evaluation, multiple simulations of the performance of the portfolio are done based on the probability distributions of the individual stock returns. A statistical analysis of the results can then help determine the probability that the portfolio will provide the desired performance.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Control

    1. The use of power to influence an outcome. For example, working ...
  2. Discrete Distribution

    The statistical or probabilistic properties of observable (either ...
  3. Burning Cost Ratio

    An insurance-industry calculation of excess losses divided by ...
  4. Monte Carlo Simulation

    A problem solving technique used to approximate the probability ...
  5. Quantitative Analysis

    A business or financial analysis technique that seeks to understand ...
  6. Risk

    The chance that an investment's actual return will be different ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is the difference between fast and slow stochastics in technical analysis?

    The main difference between fast and slow stochastics is summed up in one word: sensitivity. The fast stochastic is more ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What does the rule of 70 indicate about a country's future economic growth?

    The rule of 70 could be used to indicate the approximate number of years that it would take a company's economic growth to ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How is the rule of 70 related to the growth rate of a variable?

    The rule of 70 is related to the growth rate of a variable because it uses the growth rate in its approximation of the number ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is a "linear" exposure in Value at Risk (VaR) calculation?

    A linear exposure in the value-at-risk, or VaR, calculation is represented by positions in stocks, bonds, commodities or ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the criteria for a simple random sample?

    Simple random sampling is the most basic form of sampling and can be a component of more precise, more complex sampling methods. ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What are some examples of ways that sensitivity analysis can be used?

    Sensitivity analysis is an analysis method that is used to identify how much variations in the input values for a given variable ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Fundamental Analysis

    Find The Right Fit With Probability Distributions

    Discover a few of the most popular probability distributions and how to calculate them.
  2. Forex Education

    Top 4 Fibonacci Retracement Mistakes To Avoid

    Using Fibonacci incorrectly can have disastrous consequences. Find out which common moves to avoid.
  3. Active Trading Fundamentals

    Bet Smarter With The Monte Carlo Simulation

    This technique can reduce uncertainty in estimating future outcomes.
  4. Fundamental Analysis

    Monte Carlo Simulation With GBM

    Learn to predict future events through a series of random trials.
  5. Fundamental Analysis

    Calculating Future Value

    Future value is the value of an asset or cash at a specified date in the future that is equivalent in value to a specified sum today.
  6. Economics

    What is Deadweight Loss?

    Mainly used in economics, deadweight loss can be applied to any deficiency caused by an inefficient allocation of resources.
  7. Investing

    The Strong Dollar’s (Real) Toll On Tech Stocks

    A large portion of U.S. technology companies’ sales occur overseas, given the strong international business and consumer demand from many U.S. tech firms.
  8. Fundamental Analysis

    How to Calculate a Coverage Ratio

    In broad terms, the higher the coverage ratio, the better the ability of the enterprise to fulfill its obligations to its lenders.
  9. Economics

    How to Do a Cost-Benefit Analysis

    The benefits of a given situation or business-related action are summed and then the costs associated with taking that action are subtracted.
  10. Fundamental Analysis

    Calculating the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI)

    The Herfindhal-Hirschman Index, (HHI) is a measure of market concentration and competition among market participants.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Covered Call

    An options strategy whereby an investor holds a long position in an asset and writes (sells) call options on that same asset ...
  2. Butterfly Spread

    A neutral option strategy combining bull and bear spreads. Butterfly spreads use four option contracts with the same expiration ...
  3. Unlevered Beta

    A type of metric that compares the risk of an unlevered company to the risk of the market. The unlevered beta is the beta ...
  4. Moving Average - MA

    A widely used indicator in technical analysis that helps smooth out price action by filtering out the “noise” from random ...
  5. Yield Curve

    A line that plots the interest rates, at a set point in time, of bonds having equal credit quality, but differing maturity ...
  6. Productivity

    An economic measure of output per unit of input. Inputs include labor and capital, while output is typically measured in ...
Trading Center