DEFINITION of 'Stock-For-Stock'

1. In the context of mergers and acquisitions, the exchange of an acquiring company's stock for the stock of the acquired company at a predetermined rate. Usually, only a portion of a merger is completed with a stock-for-stock transaction, with the rest of the expenses being covered with cash or other payment methods.

2. A method of satisfying the option price in an employee stock option compensation scheme. Under these compensation programs, employees are granted stock options but must pay the company the option price before they are given the grant. By exchanging mature stock (stock that has been held for a required holding period), the grantee can receive his/her options without having to pay for them. After a given time period, grantees are given back the stock they used to pay for their options.

BREAKING DOWN 'Stock-For-Stock'

1. For example, in order to satisfy the expenses of an acquisition, an acquiring company may use a combination of 2 for 3 stock-for-stock exchange with shareholders of the target company and a tender offer of cash.

2. Where possible, grantees often take advantage of a stock-for-stock exchange, as they usually increase a grantee's ownership position and require no cash outlay. Non-employee shareholders argue that stock-for-stock option price satisfaction adds to the already high expense of granting employees options, as the employees end up not having to pay the option price, which can add up to be a significant amount of cash if all employees granted options take advantage of stock-for-stock exercises.

  1. Employee Stock Option - ESO

    A stock option granted to specified employees of a company. ESOs ...
  2. Acquisition

    A corporate action in which a company buys most, if not all, ...
  3. Incentive Stock Option - ISO

    A type of employee stock option with a tax benefit, when you ...
  4. Cashless Exercise

    A transaction that is used when exercising employee stock options ...
  5. Merger

    The combining of two or more companies, generally by offering ...
  6. Holding Period

    The real or expected period of time during which an investment ...
Related Articles
  1. Fundamental Analysis

    Mergers And Acquisitions: Understanding Takeovers

    In the dramatic world of M&As, battleground terms meld with bizarre metaphors to form the language of the game.
  2. Investing Basics

    The Merger - What To Do When Companies Converge

    Learn how to invest in companies before, during and after they join together.
  3. Options & Futures

    The "True" Cost Of Stock Options

    Perhaps the real cost of employee stock options is already accounted for in the expense of buyback programs.
  4. Options & Futures

    Should Employees Be Compensated With Stock Options?

    Learn the good, the bad and the ugly sides of this type of payout.
  5. Options & Futures

    The Controversy Over Option Expensing

    There has been much debate over whether companies should treat employee stocks options as an expense. This article examines both sides of the argument.
  6. Options & Futures

    The Basics Of Mergers And Acquisitions

    Learn what corporate restructuring is, why companies do it and why it sometimes doesn't work.
  7. Credit & Loans

    Pre-Qualified Vs. Pre-Approved - What's The Difference?

    These terms may sound the same, but they mean very different things for homebuyers.
  8. Options & Futures

    Cyclical Versus Non-Cyclical Stocks

    Investing during an economic downturn simply means changing your focus. Discover the benefits of defensive stocks.
  9. Insurance

    Cashing in Your Life Insurance Policy

    Tough times call for desperate measures, but is raiding your life insurance policy even worth considering?
  10. Fundamental Analysis

    Using Decision Trees In Finance

    A decision tree provides a comprehensive framework to review the alternative scenarios and consequences a decision may lead to.
  1. What is a stock-for-stock merger and how does this corporate action affect existing ...

    First, let's be clear about what we mean by a stock-for-stock merger. When a merger or acquisition is conducted, there are ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What does the term "stock-for-stock" mean?

    The term "stock-for-stock" is popularly used in two different contexts, and it regularly makes business news headlines in ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How do mutual fund managers make money?

    Mutual fund managers get base salaries, which vary greatly depending on the size and pedigree of the fund company. They may ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How do hedge funds use equity options?

    With the growth in the size and number of hedge funds over the past decade, the interest in how these funds go about generating ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Can mutual funds invest in options and futures?

    Mutual funds invest in not only stocks and fixed-income securities but also options and futures. There exists a separate ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How does a forward contract differ from a call option?

    Forward contracts and call options are different financial instruments that allow two parties to purchase or sell assets ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Take A Bath

    A slang term referring to the situation of an investor who has experienced a large loss from an investment or speculative ...
  2. Black Friday

    1. A day of stock market catastrophe. Originally, September 24, 1869, was deemed Black Friday. The crash was sparked by gold ...
  3. Turkey

    Slang for an investment that yields disappointing results or turns out worse than expected. Failed business deals, securities ...
  4. Barefoot Pilgrim

    A slang term for an unsophisticated investor who loses all of his or her wealth by trading equities in the stock market. ...
  5. Quick Ratio

    The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet ...
  6. Black Tuesday

    October 29, 1929, when the DJIA fell 12% - one of the largest one-day drops in stock market history. More than 16 million ...
Trading Center