Subprime Lender


DEFINITION of 'Subprime Lender'

A type of lender that specializes in lending to borrowers with a tainted or limited credit history. Subprime lending is more concentrated in a smaller number of large lenders than prime lending. The subprime loan market is more tiered compared to the prime loan market, where terms and rates vary little between borrowers.

BREAKING DOWN 'Subprime Lender'

Subprime lenders use a risk-based pricing system to calculate the terms of loans, including the interest rate, which they offer to borrowers with varying credit histories. The securities issued by subprime lenders tend to carry more credit risk but less interest rate risk than securities backed by prime loans. This is because subprime borrowers tend to have a shorter time horizon and fewer opportunities to refinance when interest rates fall.

  1. Credit Rating

    An assessment of the credit worthiness of a borrower in general ...
  2. Mortgage

    A debt instrument, secured by the collateral of specified real ...
  3. Problem Loan

    In the banking industry, a problem loan is one of two things; ...
  4. Credit Risk

    The risk of loss of principal or loss of a financial reward stemming ...
  5. Interest Rate Risk

    The risk that an investment's value will change due to a change ...
  6. Prime

    A classification of borrowers, rates or holdings in the lending ...
Related Articles
  1. Insurance

    Insurance Tips For Homeowners

    Use these simple ideas to save money and get better coverage for your house.
  2. Credit & Loans

    4 Steps To Attaining A Mortgage

    It starts with knowing your choices as well as your price range. We show you how to get there.
  3. Retirement

    Downsize Your Home To Downsize Expenses

    Learn how to cut your mortgage, tax, gas and utilities bills.
  4. Credit & Loans

    How Mortgage Refinancing Affects Your Net Worth

    Find out how to determine whether refinancing will put you ahead or even more behind.
  5. Personal Finance

    Understanding Your Mortgage

    We walk through the steps needed to secure the best loan to finance the purchase of your home.
  6. Budgeting

    Mortgages: How Much Can You Afford?

    Answering this means number-crunching as well as factoring in other considerations and expenses.
  7. Home & Auto

    When (And When Not) To Refinance Your Mortgage

    There are both good and bad reasons to refinance. Learn more about both here.
  8. Home & Auto

    4 Types Of Home Renovation: Which Ones Boost Value?

    You think your updated house looks great, but potential buyers may not feel the same way.
  9. Credit & Loans

    Understanding The Mortgage Payment Structure

    We explain the calculation and payment process as well as the amortization schedule of home loans.
  10. Home & Auto

    Option ARMs: American Dream Or Mortgage Nightmare?

    Option adjustable rate mortgages could make or break your home-buying experience.
  1. How was the American Dream impacted by the housing market collapse in 2008?

    The American Dream was seriously damaged by the housing market collapse in 2008. In many ways, the American Dream is a self-fulfilling ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is a tranche?

    "Tranche" is actually a French word meaning "slice" or "portion". In the world of investing, it is used to describe a security ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How does a bank determine what my discretionary income is when making a loan decision?

    Discretionary income is the money left over from your gross income each month after taking out taxes and paying for necessities. ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. When capitalizing interest, will interest accrue while you are in a deferment?

    When capitalizing interest, interest accrues while a person is in a deferment of his loan. In the event of a deferment, the ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Why is more interest paid over the life of a loan when it is capitalized?

    More interest is paid over the life of a loan when that interest is capitalized because the capitalized interest is added ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What are some examples of simple interest loans?

    Two good examples of simple interest loans are simple interest car loans and the interest owed on lines of credit such as ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Term Deposit

    A deposit held at a financial institution that has a fixed term, and guarantees return of principal.
  2. Zero-Sum Game

    A situation in which one person’s gain is equivalent to another’s loss, so that the net change in wealth or benefit is zero. ...
  3. Capitalization Rate

    The rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the income that the property is expected to generate.
  4. Gross Profit

    A company's total revenue (equivalent to total sales) minus the cost of goods sold. Gross profit is the profit a company ...
  5. Revenue

    The amount of money that a company actually receives during a specific period, including discounts and deductions for returned ...
  6. Normal Profit

    An economic condition occurring when the difference between a firm’s total revenue and total cost is equal to zero.
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!