DEFINITION of 'Swap Bank'

A financial institution that acts as an intermediary for interest and currency swaps. The function of these intermediaries is to find counterparties for those who want to participate in swap agreements. The swap bank typically earns a slight premium for facilitating the swap.

BREAKING DOWN 'Swap Bank'

Generally speaking, companies do not directly approach other companies in an attempt to create swap agreements. Instead, swap banks coordinate the swap agreements for companies. In most cases, companies don't even know the identities of their swap counterparties.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. What would motivate an entity to enter into a swap agreement?

    Learn why parties enter into swap agreements to hedge their risks, and understand how the different legs of a swap agreement ... Read Answer >>
  2. How are swap agreements financed?

    Learn how swap agreements are now cleared by swap execution facilities and require the use of collateral margin to hold, ... Read Answer >>
  3. When was the first swap agreement and why were swaps created?

    Learn about the history of swap agreements, the first swap agreement between IBM and the World Bank, and how swaps have evolved ... Read Answer >>
  4. Can bond traders trade on interest rate swaps?

    Read about interest rate swaps and why these transactions are performed by institutional actors in the bond market, not individual ... Read Answer >>
  5. Who is the counterparty of a derivative?

    Learn about the counterparty to a derivative contract, and how derivative swap agreements traded over the counter have counterparty ... Read Answer >>
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