Swing Option

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Swing Option'

A type of contract used by investors in energy markets that lets the option holder buy a predetermined quantity of energy at a predetermined price while having some flexibility in the amount purchased and the price paid. A swing option contract states the least and most energy an option holder can buy (or "take") per day and per month, how much that energy will cost (its strike price) and how many times during the month the option holder can change (or "swing") the daily quantity of energy purchased.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Swing Option'

Swing options, also called swing contracts, take-and-pay options or variable base-load factor contracts, are most commonly used for the purchase of oil, natural gas and electricity. They can be used as a hedge by the option holder to protect against price changes in these commodities.

For example, a power company might use a swing option to manage changes in customer demand for electricity that occur throughout the month as temperatures rise and fall. These contracts are more intricate than they appear to be, making their valuation challenging.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Put Option

    An option contract giving the owner the right, but not the obligation, ...
  2. Option

    A financial derivative that represents a contract sold by one ...
  3. Option Chain

    A form of quoting options prices through a list of all of the ...
  4. Call Option

    An agreement that gives an investor the right (but not the obligation) ...
  5. Strike Price

    The price at which a specific derivative contract can be exercised. ...
  6. Board Of Directors - B Of D

    A group of individuals that are elected as, or elected to act ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. How does a forward contract differ from a call option?

    Forward contracts and call options are different financial instruments that allow two parties to purchase or sell assets ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What are common delta hedging strategies?

    The term delta refers to the change in price of an underlying stock or exchange-traded fund (ETF) as compared to the corresponding ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How reliable is the Fibonacci retracement in predicting stock behavior?

    The use of the Fibonacci retracement is subjective. There is no objective method to verify one application of the Fibonacci ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How can a swing trader use a Fibonacci retracement?

    Swing traders can use the Fibonacci retracement to determine levels of support and resistance for a price on a chart, as ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How do I determine the breakeven point for a short put?

    The breakeven point for a short put is the strike price of the option minus the premium. Selling puts is a way for traders ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What options strategies are best suited for investing in the retail sector?

    Retail is a broad sector whose seven discrete segments all exhibit greater volatility than the broader market. The sector ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Options & Futures

    Introduction To Put Writing

    Learn about a strategy that may be appropriate if you have a positive outlook on a stock.
  2. Options & Futures

    Cut Down Option Risk With Covered Calls

    A good place to start with options is writing these contracts against shares you already own.
  3. Options & Futures

    The Importance Of Time Value In Options Trading

    Move beyond simply buying calls and puts, and learn how to turn time-value decay into potential profits.
  4. Options & Futures

    Options Trading Strategies: Understanding Position Delta

    Learn more about the position delta hedge ratio and how it can tell you the number of contracts needed to hedge a position in the underlying asset.
  5. Options & Futures

    Options On Futures: A World Of Potential Profit

    There's one simple hurdle in the transition from stock to futures options: learning about product specifications.
  6. Options & Futures

    Do Option Sellers Have a Trading Edge?

    Take a look at a study that discovered that three out of every four options expired worthless.
  7. Options & Futures

    The ABCs Of Option Volatility

    The mystery of options pricing can often be explained by a look at implied volatility (IV).
  8. Investing Basics

    Explaining Absolute Return

    Absolute return refers to an asset’s total return over a set period of time. It’s usually applied to stocks, mutual funds or hedge funds.
  9. Investing Basics

    How To Create Capital Protected Investment Using Options?

    Does "Capital-Protection" guarantee in an investment product sound attractive? Wait! Here's how you can create a better one for yourself, at low-cost!
  10. Active Trading Fundamentals

    Five Biggest Obstacles Facing First-Year Traders

    Address these five obstacles and you'll make significant progress as a first-year trader.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Topless Meeting

    A meeting in which participants are not allowed to use laptops. A topless meeting organizer can also ban the use of smartphones, ...
  2. Hedging Transaction

    A type of transaction that limits investment risk with the use of derivatives, such as options and futures contracts. Hedging ...
  3. Bogey

    A buzzword that refers to a benchmark used to evaluate a fund's performance. The benchmark is an index that reflects the ...
  4. Xetra

    An all-electronic trading system based in Frankfurt, Germany. Launched in 1997 and operated by the Deutsche Börse, the Xetra ...
  5. Nuncupative Will

    A verbal will that must have two witnesses and can only deal with the distribution of personal property. A nuncupative will ...
  6. OsMA

    An abbreviation for Oscillator - Moving Average. OsMA is used in technical analysis to represent the variance between an ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!