Syndicated Loan

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Syndicated Loan'

A loan offered by a group of lenders (called a syndicate) who work together to provide funds for a single borrower. The borrower could be a corporation, a large project, or a sovereignty (such as a government). The loan may involve fixed amounts, a credit line, or a combination of the two. Interest rates can be fixed for the term of the loan or floating based on a benchmark rate such as the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR).

Typically there is a lead bank or underwriter of the loan, known as the "arranger", "agent", or "lead lender". This lender may be putting up a proportionally bigger share of the loan, or perform duties like dispersing cash flows amongst the other syndicate members and administrative tasks.

Also known as a "syndicated bank facility".

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Syndicated Loan'

The main goal of syndicated lending is to spread the risk of a borrower default across multiple lenders (such as banks) or institutional investors like pensions funds and hedge funds. Because syndicated loans tend to be much larger than standard bank loans, the risk of even one borrower defaulting could cripple a single lender. Syndicated loans are also used in the leveraged buyout community to fund large corporate takeovers with primarily debt funding.

Syndicated loans can be made on a "best efforts" basis, which means that if enough investors can't be found, the amount the borrower receives will be lower than originally anticipated. These loans can also be split into dual tranches for banks (who fund standard revolvers or lines of credit) and institutional investors (who fund fixed-rate term loans).

RELATED TERMS
  1. LIBOR

    LIBOR or ICE LIBOR (previously BBA LIBOR) is a benchmark rate ...
  2. Lead Bank

    A bank that oversees the arrangement of a loan syndication. The ...
  3. Agent Bank

    A bank that acts in some capacity on behalf of another bank. ...
  4. Leveraged Buyout - LBO

    The acquisition of another company using a significant amount ...
  5. Tranches

    A piece, portion or slice of a deal or structured financing. ...
  6. Underwriting

    1. The process by which investment bankers raise investment capital ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing

    What are the sources of funding available for companies?

    Despite all the differences among companies, there are only a few sources of funds available to all firms. 1. They make profit by selling a product for more than it costs to produce. This is ...
  2. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Private Equity A Trendsetter For Stocks

    In this article, we'll show you how private equity sets the trend for stocks everywhere.
  3. Options & Futures

    Hedge Fund Failures Illuminate Leverage Pitfalls

    Learn what mistakes cause hedge funds to collapse and how to avoid similar problems.
  4. Retirement

    Bond Basics Tutorial

    Investing in bonds - What are they, and do they belong in your portfolio?
  5. Bonds & Fixed Income

    How does face value differ from the price of a bond?

    Discover how bonds are traded as investment securities and understand the various terms used in bond trading, including par value, market price and yield.
  6. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Why is my bond worth less than face value?

    Find out how bonds can be issued or traded for less than their listed face values, and learn what causes bond prices to fluctuate in the secondary market.
  7. Trading Strategies

    How long will it take for a savings bond to reach its face value?

    Learn essential information about U.S. savings bonds along with an explanation of the unique characteristics of this popular investment instrument.
  8. Fundamental Analysis

    Why are OTC (over-the-counter) transactions controversial?

    Learn more about over-the-counter transactions, and why OTC traders are considered riskier than traders working with larger market exchanges.
  9. Options & Futures

    What is the difference between arbitrage and hedging?

    Dive into two very important financial concepts: arbitrage and hedging. See how each of these strategies can play a role for savvy investors.
  10. Bonds & Fixed Income

    When are treasury bills best to use in a portfolio?

    Understand the role that U.S. Treasury bills can play in an investment portfolio and why they represent one of the most liquid and secure debt obligations.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Command Economy

    A system where the government, rather than the free market, determines what goods should be produced, how much should be ...
  2. Prospectus

    A formal legal document, which is required by and filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, that provides details ...
  3. Treasury Bond - T-Bond

    A marketable, fixed-interest U.S. government debt security with a maturity of more than 10 years. Treasury bonds make interest ...
  4. Weight Of Ice, Snow Or Sleet Insurance

    Financial protection against damage caused to property by winter weather specifically, damage caused if a roof caves in because ...
  5. Weather Insurance

    A type of protection against a financial loss that may be incurred because of rain, snow, storms, wind, fog, undesirable ...
  6. Portfolio Turnover

    A measure of how frequently assets within a fund are bought and sold by the managers. Portfolio turnover is calculated by ...
Trading Center