Tax Anticipation Note - TAN

DEFINITION of 'Tax Anticipation Note - TAN'

A short-term debt security issued by a state or local government to finance an immediate project that will be repaid with future tax collections. State and local governments use tax anticipation notes to borrow money, typically for one year or less and at a low interest rate, in order to finance a capital expenditure such as the construction of a road or school. The government then uses the following year's tax revenue to repay the TANs.

BREAKING DOWN 'Tax Anticipation Note - TAN'

Tax anticipation note financing helps governments smooth out the ups and downs in their revenue cycles, if the timing of their receipts does not match the timing of their expenditures. TANs are one of several types of anticipation note that state and local governments can use; others include revenue anticipation notes, tax and revenue anticipation notes and bond anticipation notes. Tax anticipation notes are a type of municipal bond, so the interest earned from TANs is generally tax exempt for investors.