Target Firm

What is a 'Target Firm'

A target firm is a company which is the subject of a merger or acquisition attempt. A takeover attempt can take on many different flavors, depending on the attitude of the target firm toward the acquirer. If management and shareholders are in favor of the transaction, then a friendly and orderly transaction can take place. When there is opposition to the transaction, the target firm may attempt a variety of hostile actions hoping to thwart the takeover attempt.

BREAKING DOWN 'Target Firm'

Target firms are often acquired at a price in excess of their fair market value. This is rational when the acquiring firm perceives an additional strategic value to the acquisition, such as greater economies of scale. These economies do not always materialize however, since there can be additional hidden costs associated with the integration of two firms.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. Under what circumstances might a company decide to do a hostile takeover?

    Learn about why companies use a hostile takeover to gain control of another company, and understand the different methods ... Read Answer >>
  2. What is the difference between a merger and a takeover?

    In a general sense, mergers and takeovers (or acquisitions) are very similar corporate actions - they combine two previously ... Read Answer >>
  3. What's the difference between a merger and an acquisition?

    Learn about the difference between mergers and acquisitions. Discover what factors may encourage a company to merge or acquire ... Read Answer >>
  4. What is the difference between a merger and an acquisition?

    Read about the legal and practical differences between a corporate merger and corporate acquisition, two terms often used ... Read Answer >>
  5. How can a company buy back shares to fend off a hostile takeover?

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    First, let's be clear about what we mean by a stock-for-stock merger. When a merger or acquisition is conducted, there are ... Read Answer >>
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