DEFINITION of 'Tender'

To invite bids for a project, or to accept a formal offer such as a takeover bid. Tender usually refers to the process whereby governments and financial institutions invite bids for large projects that must be submitted within a finite deadline. The term also refers to the process whereby shareholders submit their shares or securities to a takeover offer.


For projects or procurement, most institutions have a well-defined tender process, as well as processes to govern the opening, evaluation and final selection of the vendors. This ensures that the selection process is fair and transparent.

In the case of a takeover, most offers stipulate that a certain percentage of shares must be tendered by the deadline in order for the deal to proceed. Disgruntled shareholders who believe the takeover offer is too low often refuse to tender their shares; they may also try to marshal support from other shareholders against the takeover in a bid, to block the deal.

  1. Acquisition

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  3. Tender Offer

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    An auction process through which large institutional investors ...
  6. Hedged Tender

    A strategy in a tender offer where an investor short sells a ...
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  1. How long does it take to execute an M&A deal?

    Even the simplest merger and acquisition (M&A) deals are challenging. It takes a lot for two previously independent enterprises ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What happens to the shares of stock purchased in a tender offer?

    The shares of stock purchased in a tender offer become the property of the purchaser. From that point forward, the purchaser, ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What are some common accretive transactions?

    The term "accretive" is most often used in reference to mergers and acquisitions (M&A). It refers to a transaction that ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Are companies with high Book Value Of Equity Per Share (BVPS) takeover targets?

    Companies with high book value of equity per share (BVPS) can be good takeover targets if those companies are public and ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are some ways to make a distribution channel more efficient?

    While there are many ways to make a distribution channel more efficient, the three high-level ways to increase the efficiency ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. If a company offers a buyback of its shares, how do I decide whether to accept the ...

    Tender offers for share buybacks are often made at a premium to the current market price; it may be in an investor’s best ... Read Full Answer >>

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