Tequila Effect

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Tequila Effect'

Informal name given to the impact of the 1994 Mexican economic crisis on the South American economy. The Tequila Effect occurred because of a sudden devaluation in the Mexican peso, which then caused other currencies in the region (the Southern Cone and Brazil) to decline. The falling peso was propped up by US$50 billion loan granted by then U.S. president Bill Clinton.

Also referred to as the "Mexican Shock".

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Tequila Effect'

Immediately after the Mexican peso was devalued in the early days of the Presidency of Ernesto Zedillo, South American countries suffered rapid currency depreciation. It was a known fact that the peso was overvalued, but the extent of Mexico's economic vulnerability was not well known. Since governments and businesses in the area had high levels of U.S. dollar-denominated debt, the devaluation meant that it would be increasingly difficult to pay back the debts.

RELATED TERMS
  1. North American Free Trade Agreement ...

    A regulation implemented on Jan. 1, 1994, that decreased and ...
  2. Devaluation

    A deliberate downward adjustment to the value of a country's ...
  3. Currency Convertibility

    The ease with which a country's currency can be converted into ...
  4. Foreign Currency Effects

    The gain or loss on foreign investments due to changes in the ...
  5. Globalization

    The tendency of investment funds and businesses to move beyond ...
  6. MXN

    In the currency market, this is the abbreviation for the Mexican ...
Related Articles
  1. Forex Education

    Currency Exchange: Floating Rate Vs. Fixed Rate

    Baffled by exchange rates? Wonder why some currencies fluctuate while others are pegged? This article has the answers.
  2. Bonds & Fixed Income

    6 Factors That Influence Exchange Rates

    Find out how a currency's relative value reflects a country's economic health and impacts your investment returns.
  3. Economics

    What Is An Emerging Market Economy?

    Emerging markets provide new investment opportunities, but there are risks - both to residents and foreign investors.
  4. Economics

    What Is The World Trade Organization?

    The WTO sets the global rules of trade. But what exactly does it do and why do so many oppose it?
  5. Investing

    How To Invest Outside Your Comfort Zone?

    Sometimes, when it comes to investing, we have to step outside of our comfort zone and use investment tools to express a market view or specific outcome.
  6. Investing

    How To Trade Foreign Stocks

    We weigh the major ways to trade foreign stocks for investors.
  7. Economics

    Vietnam -- New Asian Hot Spot For Tech Investment

    Vietnam now has a rapidly expanding tech sector that's attracting investors from around the globe due to low business costs and highly skilled workers.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Want Emerging Market REIT Exposure? Eye These ETFs

    It's possible (and easy) to invest in emerging market real estate from the United States — just look at these REIT ETFs.
  9. Economics

    Oil Investments Boost Egypt's Recovery Prospects

    Major foreign oil companies have provided a big boost to the Egyptian economy by agreeing to invest around US$17 billion in the country's energy sector.
  10. Investing

    China's Silicon Valley: Zhongguancun

    Just like in the US, several of China's leading tech companies are headquartered in one spot. China's Silicon Valley is Zhongguancun, and it's growing.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Asset Class

    A group of securities that exhibit similar characteristics, behave similarly in the marketplace, and are subject to the same ...
  2. Fiat Money

    Currency that a government has declared to be legal tender, but is not backed by a physical commodity. The value of fiat ...
  3. Interest Rate Risk

    The risk that an investment's value will change due to a change in the absolute level of interest rates, in the spread between ...
  4. Income Effect

    In the context of economic theory, the income effect is the change in an individual's or economy's income and how that change ...
  5. Price-To-Sales Ratio - PSR

    A valuation ratio that compares a company’s stock price to its revenues. The price-to-sales ratio is an indicator of the ...
  6. Hurdle Rate

    The minimum rate of return on a project or investment required by a manager or investor. In order to compensate for risk, ...
Trading Center