Termination Clause

DEFINITION of 'Termination Clause '

A section of a swap contract that describes what will happen if the contract is ended early or defaulted on. The termination clause can make the counterparty who is responsible for the default or termination event pay damages to the other counterparty. The agreement value method, formula method or indemnification method can be used to calculate these damages, called "termination payments". When a swap is terminated early, both parties will cease making the agreed-upon payments.



BREAKING DOWN 'Termination Clause '

Counterparties using the International Swaps and Derivatives Association's master swap agreement can take advantage of the termination clause that is already written into that agreement. Possible termination events include legal or regulatory changes that prevent one or both parties from fulfilling the contract terms ("illegality"), the placement of a withholding tax on the transaction ("tax event" or "tax event upon merger"), or a reduction in one counterparty's creditworthiness ("credit event"). Failure to pay or a declaration of bankruptcy by either party are examples of default events.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. How can an investor terminate a derivative contract?

    Read a brief overview about some of the different ways that derivatives traders can terminate their contracts early, including ... Read Answer >>
  2. Who is the counterparty of a derivative?

    Learn about the counterparty to a derivative contract, and how derivative swap agreements traded over the counter have counterparty ... Read Answer >>
  3. Which of the following statements least accurately describes the ways in which a ...

    The correct answer is: a) If the winning party simply terminates the swap, then he'll get zero for it. If a swap has value, ... Read Answer >>
  4. What is the default risk of a derivative?

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  5. Should you calculate Value at Risk (VaR) for counterparty credit risk?

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