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What is the 'Tertiary Industry'

The tertiary industry is the segment of the economy that provides services to its consumers; this includes a wide range of businesses such as financial institutions, schools and restaurants. It is also known as the tertiary sector or service industry/sector. The tertiary industry is one of three industry types in a developed economy, the other two being the primary, or raw materials, and secondary, or goods production, industries. As an economy becomes more developed, it shifts its focus from primary to secondary and tertiary industries.

BREAKING DOWN 'Tertiary Industry'

The tertiary industry is split into two main categories. The first is made up of companies in the business of making money, such as those in the financial industry. The second comprises the nonprofit segment, which includes services such as state education. The tertiary industry sector, which makes up the vast majority of employment opportunities, is solely focused on providing services, not goods, to consumers and other organizations. This is in contrast to the primary industry, which produces raw materials, and the secondary industry, which takes raw materials and uses them to produce salable consumer goods. The term can be used to describe a single service-oriented organization or the industry segment as a whole.

Examples of Tertiary Industry Organizations

The tertiary industry provides services, as well as operational frameworks for business operations. This can include organizations involved in the shipping and transportation industry, such as railroad or trucking, when their sole focus is the process of moving goods. It could also include the transportation of people, such as taxi services, city bus systems and subways.

Traditional hospitality industries, such as hotels and resorts, are a part of the tertiary industry, as well as food service providers, such as restaurants. All services received from financial institutions, such as banks and investment brokers, are tertiary in nature. Personal services, including everything from hair cutting to tattooing, can be included along with services to animals, such as pet groomers, animal breeders and stray animal care facilities. Hospitals, clinics, veterinarian and other medical service facilities may also qualify.

Transition from Tertiary to Quaternary

Certain technological services were previously considered tertiary, though some have determined it is appropriate to have them categorized into a new segment due to industry growth. These technological services include telecommunications providers, cable companies and internet providers. Even though these are all service-oriented, like the tertiary sector, the services have been separated and classified into the quaternary industry sector.

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