Tier 1 Capital Ratio

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Tier 1 Capital Ratio'

A comparison between a banking firm's core equity capital and total risk-weighted assets. A firm's core equity capital is known as its Tier 1 capital and is the measure of a bank's financial strength based on the sum of its equity capital and disclosed reserves, and sometimes non-redeemable, non-cumulative preferred stock. A firm's risk-weighted assets include all assets that the firm holds that are systematically weighted for credit risk. Central banks typically develop the weighting scale for different asset classes, such as cash and coins, which have zero risk, versus a letter or credit, which carries more risk.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Tier 1 Capital Ratio'

Regulators use the Tier 1 capital ratio to grade a firm's capital adequacy as one of the following rankings: well-capitalized, adequately capitalized, undercapitalized, significantly undercapitalized, and critically undercapitalized. A firm must have a Tier 1 capital ratio of 6% or greater, and not pay any dividends or distributions that would affect its capital, to be classified as well-capitalized. Firms that are ranked undercapitalized or below are prohibited from paying any dividends or management fees. In addition, they are required to file a capital restoration plan.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Investment Bank - IB

    A financial intermediary that performs a variety of services. ...
  2. Total Asset-To-Capital Ratio - ...

    A leverage covenant placed on Canadian Institutions regulated ...
  3. Tier 1 Common Capital Ratio

    A measurement of a bank's core equity capital compared with its ...
  4. Core Capital

    The minimum amount of capital that a thrift bank, such as a savings ...
  5. Bank

    A financial institution licensed as a receiver of deposits. There ...
  6. Central Bank

    The entity responsible for overseeing the monetary system for ...
Related Articles
  1. Personal Finance

    Using Economic Capital To Determine Risk

    Discover how banks and financial institutions use economic capital to enhance risk management.
  2. Personal Finance

    Is Your Bank On Its Way Down?

    Find out how the Tier 1 capital ratio can be used to tell if your bank is going under.
  3. Fundamental Analysis

    What is a good interest coverage ratio?

    Learn the importance of the interest coverage ratio, one of the primary debt ratios analysts use to evaluate a company's financial health.
  4. Fundamental Analysis

    What is a bad interest coverage ratio?

    Understand how interest coverage ratio is calculated and what it signifies, and learn what market analysts consider to be an unacceptably low coverage ratio.
  5. Active Trading Fundamentals

    What is liquidity risk?

    Learn how to distinguish between the two broad types of financial liquidity risk: funding liquidity risk and market liquidity risk.
  6. Technical Indicators

    What is a good gearing ratio?

    Understand the meaning of the gearing ratio, how it is calculated, the definition of high and low gearing, and how they reflect relative financial stability.
  7. Investing Basics

    What is considered to be a bad gearing ratio?

    Understand the basics of gearing, including the net gearing ratio, what constitutes a bad gearing ratio and how this figure reflects financial stability.
  8. Active Trading Fundamentals

    What does the gearing ratio say about risk?

    Find out why lenders and investors pay close attention to a firm's gearing ratios, and why both too much and too little borrowing can be risky.
  9. Fundamental Analysis

    What is the difference between a capital gearing ratio and a net gearing ratio?

    Understand the definition of gearing in the finance industry, the difference between net gearing and capital gearing ratios and how they are interpreted.
  10. Investing Basics

    What is the difference between the gearing ratio and the debt-to-equity ratio?

    Dive deeper into gearing ratios: what are they, how are they used and why the debt to equity ratio is one of the most popular analytical gearing tools.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Multinational Corporation - MNC

    A corporation that has its facilities and other assets in at least one country other than its home country. Such companies ...
  2. SWOT Analysis

    A tool that identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of an organization. Specifically, SWOT is a basic, ...
  3. Simple Interest

    A quick method of calculating the interest charge on a loan. Simple interest is determined by multiplying the interest rate ...
  4. Special Administrative Region - SAR

    Unique geographical areas with a high degree of autonomy set up by the People's Republic of China. The Special Administrative ...
  5. Annual Percentage Rate - APR

    The annual rate that is charged for borrowing (or made by investing), expressed as a single percentage number that represents ...
  6. Free Carrier - FCA

    A trade term requiring the seller to deliver goods to a named airport, terminal, or other place where the carrier operates. ...
Trading Center