Trade-Weighted Dollar

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Trade-Weighted Dollar'

A measurement of the foreign exchange value of the U.S. dollar compared against certain foreign currencies. Trade-weighted dollars give importance - or weight - to currencies most widely used in international trade, over comparing the value of the U.S. dollar to all foreign currencies. Since the currencies are weighted differently, changes in each currency will have a unique effect on the trade-weighted dollar and corresponding indexes.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Trade-Weighted Dollar'

The trade-weighted dollar is used to determine the U.S. dollar purchasing value, and to summarize the effects of dollar appreciation and depreciation against foreign currencies. When the value of the dollar increases, imports to the U.S. become less expensive while exports to other countries become more expensive.

Two primary measures of the trade-weighted dollar are used. The first is the U.S. Dollar Index, created in 1973. It is calculated using six major world currencies: the euro, Japanese yen, Canadian dollar, British pound, Swedish krona and Swiss franc. The second is the Trade Weighted U.S. Dollar Index, sometimes called the Broad Index. This index was introduced by the U.S. Federal Reserve Board in 1998 in response to the implementation of the euro (which replaced many of the foreign currencies that were previously used in the earlier index) and to more accurately reflect current U.S. trade patterns. The Federal Reserve selected 26 currencies to use in the broad index, anticipating the adoption of the euro by eleven countries of the European Union (EU). When the broad index was introduced, U.S. trade with the 26 represented economies accounted for over 90% of the total U.S. imports and exports.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Exchange Rate

    The price of a nation’s currency in terms of another currency. ...
  2. Foreign Currency Effects

    The gain or loss on foreign investments due to changes in the ...
  3. Currency

    A generally accepted form of money, including coins and paper ...
  4. Forex - FX

    The market in which currencies are traded. The forex market is ...
  5. U.S. Dollar Index - USDX

    A measure of the value of the U.S. dollar relative to majority ...
  6. Optimal Currency Area

    The geographic area in which a single currency would create the ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is the correlation between American stock prices and the value of the U.S. dollar?

    The correlation between any two variables (or sets of variables) summarizes a relationship, whether or not there is any real-world ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What am I buying and selling in the forex market?

    The forex market is the largest market in the world. According to the Triennial Central Bank Survey conducted by the Bank ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. When has the United States run its largest trade deficits?

    In macroeconomics, balance of trade is one of the leading economic metrics that determines the trading relationship of a ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Which is more important to a nation's economy, the balance of trade or the balance ...

    There is no question the composition of a country's balance of payments is more important than its balance of trade. This ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the difference between cost and freight (CFR) and cost, insurance and freight ...

    The difference between cost and freight (CFR) and cost, insurance and freight (CIF) is essentially the requirement under ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the difference between Cost and Freight (CFR) and Free on Board (FOB)?

    The difference between cost and freight (CFR) and free on board (FOB) lies in who has responsibility for various shipping ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Forex Education

    Currency Exchange: Floating Rate Vs. Fixed Rate

    Baffled by exchange rates? Wonder why some currencies fluctuate while others are pegged? This article has the answers.
  2. Options & Futures

    Traders: Which Markets Should You Trade?

    Being aware of other markets and other trading methods can help traders fine tune methods, save costs and add profits.
  3. Economics

    What Is a Quota?

    In business, quota usually refers to the sales target for a salesperson or a sales team.
  4. Economics

    What Does Infrastructure Mean?

    Examples of infrastructure include mass transit, communication, sewage, water and electric systems, plus roads, bridges and tunnels.
  5. Economics

    Calculating the GDP Price Deflator

    The GDP price deflator adjusts gross domestic product by removing the effect of rising prices. It shows how much an economy’s GDP is really growing.
  6. Economics

    What's a Centrally Planned Economy?

    A centrally planned economy is one where the government controls the country’s supply and demand of goods and services.
  7. Economics

    Why The Dollar’s Strength Can Continue

    Overall, the U.S. dollar has rallied this year, with the Dollar Index (DXY) now up by roughly 8 percent year-to-date, but the gain hasn’t been steady.
  8. Economics

    A Comparison Between a Default and a Collapse

    Is the Greek default similar to the Lehman Brothers collapse?
  9. Savings

    Inflation for Dummies

    Inflation may seem like a straightforward concept, but it is more complex than it appears. We examine its varieties and causes.
  10. Investing News

    Will Greece Return to the Drachma?

    More drama from Greece, as rumors swirl about a return to the drachma.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Bogey

    A buzzword that refers to a benchmark used to evaluate a fund's performance. The benchmark is an index that reflects the ...
  2. Xetra

    An all-electronic trading system based in Frankfurt, Germany. Launched in 1997 and operated by the Deutsche Börse, the Xetra ...
  3. Nuncupative Will

    A verbal will that must have two witnesses and can only deal with the distribution of personal property. A nuncupative will ...
  4. OsMA

    An abbreviation for Oscillator - Moving Average. OsMA is used in technical analysis to represent the variance between an ...
  5. Investopedia

    One of the best-known sources of financial information on the internet. Investopedia is a resource for investors, consumers ...
  6. Unfair Claims Practice

    The improper avoidance of a claim by an insurer or an attempt to reduce the size of the claim. By engaging in unfair claims ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!