Trust

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What is a 'Trust'

A trust is a fiduciary relationship in which one party, known as a trustor, gives another party, the trustee, the right to hold title to property or assets for the benefit of a third party, the beneficiary.

There are two types of trusts:
1. Living Trust (inter-vivos): A trust that is in effect during the trustor's lifetime.
2. Testamentary Trust: A trust that is created through the will of a deceased person.

BREAKING DOWN 'Trust'

For example, a trust can be used if a beneficiary is under age or has a mental disability that impairs the person's ability to maintain his or her own finances. Once the beneficiary is deemed able to manage the funds or assets by the terms dictated under the trust, the beneficiary will receive possession of the trust. The trust is taxed on any funds not distributed to the beneficiary.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. What are the keys to setting up a trust fund?

    Setting up a trust to secure your assets for a beneficiary allows you to set the terms under which the beneficiaries are ... Read Answer >>
  2. What is the difference between revocable and irrevocable intervivos trusts?

    Learn what an inter-vivos trust is, the difference between an irrevocable and a revocable inter-vivos trust, and why it is ... Read Answer >>
  3. What is the difference between an intervivos trust and a testamentary trust?

    Understand the differences between a testamentary trust and an inter-vivos (living) trust, and learn why each is important ... Read Answer >>
  4. How are trust fund earnings taxed?

    Trust fund earnings that are distributed are paid by the beneficiary. The trust pays taxes on retained earnings and principal ... Read Answer >>
  5. Do beneficiaries of a trust pay taxes?

    Learn how interest income from a trust is taxed, and understand when this money is taxable to the trust and when it is taxable ... Read Answer >>
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    Learn how a revocable trust and living trust are two terms used to describe the same thing and what the key provisions are ... Read Answer >>
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