DEFINITION of 'Ultima'

The rate at which the vomma of an option will react to volatility in the underlying market. It is the third order derivative of the option value with respect to volatility, or the derivative of vomma with respect to the derivative of volatility.
Ultima is part of the group of measures known as the "Greeks" (other measures include delta, gamma and vega) which are used in options pricing.


Ultima is useful to investors who are making options trades and take the vomma and vega into consideration, especially when implementing exotic options which may change format over the period of maturity. This metric is one of the inputs utilized in the Black-Scholes model.

  1. Volatility

    1. A statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given ...
  2. Vega

    The measurement of an option's sensitivity to changes in the ...
  3. Black Scholes Model

    A model of price variation over time of financial instruments ...
  4. Greeks

    Dimensions of risk involved in taking a position in an option ...
  5. Exotic Option

    An option that differs from common American or European options ...
  6. Quantitative Analysis

    A business or financial analysis technique that seeks to understand ...
Related Articles
  1. Options & Futures

    The Basics Of Option Price

    Options can be an excellent addition to a portfolio. Find out how to get started.
  2. Options & Futures

    Getting To Know The "Greeks"

    Understanding price influences on options positions requires learning about delta, theta, vega and gamma.
  3. Options & Futures

    Using "The Greeks" To Understand Options

    These risk-exposure measurements help traders detect how sensitive a specific trade is to price, volatility and time decay.
  4. Options & Futures

    The Ins And Outs Of Selling Options

    Selling options can seem intimidating but with these tips, you can enter the market with confidence.
  5. Investing

    Binary Options For Capital-Protected Investments

    Binary options may sound complex, but they can be used to create capital-protected investments. Here's how.
  6. Investing Basics

    What Does Plain Vanilla Mean?

    Plain vanilla is a term used in investing to describe the most basic types of financial instruments.
  7. Options & Futures

    Pick 401(k) Assets Like A Pro

    Professionals choose the options available to you in your plan, making your decisions easier.
  8. Fundamental Analysis

    Use Options Data To Predict Stock Market Direction

    Options market trading data can provide important insights about the direction of stocks and the overall market. Here’s how to track it.
  9. Investing

    The Best Strategies to Manage Your Stock Options

    We look at strategies to help manage taxes and the exercise of incentive and non-qualified stock options.
  10. Investing Basics

    Retirement Planning Using Long-Dated Options

    Retirement planning using high-risk options? It is possible, and studies confirm better yields than conventional methods. Here’s how.
  1. How do hedge funds use equity options?

    With the growth in the size and number of hedge funds over the past decade, the interest in how these funds go about generating ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Can mutual funds invest in options and futures?

    Mutual funds invest in not only stocks and fixed-income securities but also options and futures. There exists a separate ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How does a forward contract differ from a call option?

    Forward contracts and call options are different financial instruments that allow two parties to purchase or sell assets ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are the main risks associated with trading derivatives?

    The primary risks associated with trading derivatives are market, counterparty, liquidity and interconnection risks. Derivatives ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How can an investor profit from a fall in the utilities sector?

    The utilities sector exhibits a high degree of stability compared to the broader market. This makes it best-suited for buy-and-hold ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the difference between derivatives and options?

    Options are one category of derivatives. Other types of derivatives include futures contracts, swaps and forward contracts. ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Ex Works (EXW)

    An international trade term requiring the seller to make goods ready for pickup at his or her own place of business. All ...
  2. Letter of Intent - LOI

    A document outlining the terms of an agreement before it is finalized. LOIs are usually not legally binding in their entirety. ...
  3. Purchasing Power

    The value of a currency expressed in terms of the amount of goods or services that one unit of money can buy. Purchasing ...
  4. Real Estate Investment Trust - REIT

    A REIT is a type of security that invests in real estate through property or mortgages and often trades on major exchanges ...
  5. Section 1231 Property

    A tax term relating to depreciable business property that has been held for over a year. Section 1231 property includes buildings, ...
  6. Term Deposit

    A deposit held at a financial institution that has a fixed term, and guarantees return of principal.
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!