Unemployment Claim

DEFINITION of 'Unemployment Claim'

A request made by an individual to the state government to receive temporary payments after having been laid off from a job. The United States Department of Labor keeps track of the number of weekly unemployment claims. It provides both seasonally adjusted and seasonally unadjusted claims numbers and also lists which states had an increase or decrease of 1,000 or more claims. These data are reported in the media as an indication of national and state economic health.

Also known as an "unemployment insurance claim" or an "unemployment compensation claim".

BREAKING DOWN 'Unemployment Claim'

Unemployment claims are paid from state funds that are collected from employers in the form of an unemployment insurance tax. In order to encourage workers to get another job, unemployment benefits are payable for a limited number of weeks and are designed to pay less than a worker would make at a job. To file an unemployment claim, a worker must meet certain criteria. For example, workers receiving unemployment benefits must be actively seeking employment (and be able to prove it) and they must have been laid off rather than having quit or been fired.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Unemployment Rate

    The percentage of the total labor force that is unemployed but ...
  2. Structural Unemployment

    A longer-lasting form of unemployment caused by fundamental shifts ...
  3. Jobless Claims

    The number of people who are filing or have filed to receive ...
  4. Voluntary Termination

    1. An employee's decision to leave a job of his or her own accord. 2. ...
  5. Notice Of Termination

    Generally refers to the notice provided by an employer stating ...
  6. Job Market

    A market in which employers search for employees and employees ...
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    How The Unemployment Rate Affects Everybody

    Depending on how it's measured, the unemployment rate is open to interpretation. Learn how to find the real rate.
  2. Economics

    The Economics Of Labor Mobility

    Loosening labor restrictions has both good and bad effects for a country and its workers.
  3. Professionals

    Introduction To The Continuing Claims Report

    This weekly economic release contains important information concerning unemployment levels and insurance.
  4. Retirement

    How Unemployment Affects You (Even If You're Working)

    Rebounding from a stint of unemployment can be a frustrating thing to do. These tips should soften the blow.
  5. Budgeting

    Planning For Unemployment

    Preparation can help you land on your feet after getting the "old heave-ho".
  6. Budgeting

    Layoffs: Know The WARNing Signs

    Layoff rumors can run rampant, but if your company is required to give you two months' notice, you can plan for unemployment.
  7. Options & Futures

    Losing Your Job: From A To Z

    Job loss can be devastating. Learn how to anticipate it and quickly get back on your feet.
  8. Retirement

    Shopping the New Retirement Products

    There are more options than ever for retirement portfolios these days. Choosing the right product comes down to your needs, time and management style.
  9. Budgeting

    Lost Your Job? 6 Things to Do Immediately

    If you’ve lost your job, shoring up your finances as best you can will make it easier to get back on your feet again when that next position rolls around.
  10. Your Practice

    Advisors: Win Over Millennials with Insurance

    Millennials don’t have the same values and goals as previous generations. Here are some tips on how advisors can adapt to their needs and wants.
RELATED FAQS
  1. What's the difference between Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental ...

    Disabled persons can receive payments through two programs: Social Security Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Do FHA loans have private mortgage insurance (PMI)?

    he When you make a down payment from 3 to 20% of the value of your home and take out a Federal Housing Administration (FHA) ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Does renters insurance cover storage units?

    An all-perils renters insurance policy provides coverage for the contents of storage units. Most policies limit the amount ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Does renters insurance cover personal injuries?

    Renters insurance provides two main forms of coverage – liability and contents insurance – and they are offered together ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Does renters insurance cover flooding?

    An all-perils renters insurance policy does not cover damage from a flood. Consumers sometimes confuse a pipe bursting with ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Does renters insurance cover mold?

    An all-perils renters insurance policy typically provides a low set amount of coverage for damage caused by mold as long ... Read Full Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. Presidential Election Cycle (Theory)

    A theory developed by Yale Hirsch that states that U.S. stock markets are weakest in the year following the election of a ...
  2. Super Bowl Indicator

    An indicator based on the belief that a Super Bowl win for a team from the old AFL (AFC division) foretells a decline in ...
  3. Flight To Quality

    The action of investors moving their capital away from riskier investments to the safest possible investment vehicles. This ...
  4. Discouraged Worker

    A person who is eligible for employment and is able to work, but is currently unemployed and has not attempted to find employment ...
  5. Ponzimonium

    After Bernard Madoff's $65 billion Ponzi scheme was revealed, many new (smaller-scale) Ponzi schemers became exposed. Ponzimonium ...
  6. Quarterly Earnings Report

    A quarterly filing made by public companies to report their performance. Included in earnings reports are items such as net ...
Trading Center