DEFINITION of 'Unfair Claims Practice'

The improper avoidance of a claim by an insurer or an attempt to reduce the size of the claim. By engaging in unfair claims practices an insurer tries to reduce its costs. However, this is illegal in many jurisdictions.

BREAKING DOWN 'Unfair Claims Practice'

The National Association of Insurance Commisioners (NAIC) has created legislation that states that claims be handled fairly and that there is clear communication between the insurer and the insured. Because of this legislation, many states have implemented unfair claims practice laws.

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