Unit Benefit Plan


DEFINITION of 'Unit Benefit Plan'

An employer-sponsored pension plan that provides retirement benefits based on a dollar amount or, more typically, a percentage of the employee's earnings for each year of service. A unit benefit plan is usually based on a percentage ranging from 1.25-2.5%. When the employee reaches retirement, his or her years of service are multiplied by the percentage multiplied by the career average salary to determine the employee's annual retirement benefit.

BREAKING DOWN 'Unit Benefit Plan'

A unit benefit plan provides retirement benefits based on the employee's compensation and how long he or she has been employed by the company. If an employee has 35 years of service, for example, with final average earnings of $120,000 and the unit benefit plan percentage is 2.0%, the employee's annual retirement benefit would be calculated as follows:

Years * average earnings * compensation percentage = annual retirement benefit.

Applying the above example to the calculation yields: 35 * 120,000 *.02 = $84,000

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  1. When can catch-up contributions start?

    Most qualified retirement plans such as 401(k), 403(b) and SIMPLE 401(k) plans, as well as individual retirement accounts ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Are 401(k) contributions tax deductible?

    All contributions to qualified retirement plans such as 401(k)s reduce taxable income, which lowers the total taxes owed. ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Are 401(k) rollovers taxable?

    401(k) rollovers are generally not taxable as long as the money goes into another qualifying plan, an individual retirement ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Are catch-up contributions included in the 415 limit?

    Unlike regular employee deferrals, catch-up contributions are not included in the 415 limit. While there is an annual limit ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Can catch-up contributions be matched?

    Depending on the terms of your plan, catch-up contributions you make to 401(k)s or other qualified retirement savings plans ... Read Full Answer >>
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