Unit of Production Method

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Unit of Production Method'

A depreciation procedure used for property that is not in continuous use. The unit of production method is useful when the property's value is more closely related to the number of units it produces than the number of years it is in use. It results in greater deductions being taken for depreciation in years when the asset is heavily used.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Unit of Production Method'

In general, the IRS requires businesses to depreciate property using the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS), but it allows businesses to exclude property from this method if it can be accurately depreciated by another method. The depreciation method must be chosen at the time the property is placed in service.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Economic Depreciation

    A measure of the decrease in value of an asset over a specific ...
  2. Accelerated Depreciation

    Any method of depreciation used for accounting or income tax ...
  3. Depreciation

    1. A method of allocating the cost of a tangible asset over its ...
  4. Depreciation Recapture

    The gain received from the sale of depreciable capital property ...
  5. Straight Line Basis

    A method of computing amortization (depreciation) by dividing ...
  6. Accumulated Depreciation

    The cumulative depreciation of an asset up to a single point ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. How is salvage value used in depreciation calculations?

    When calculating depreciation, an asset's salvage value is subtracted from its initial cost to determine total depreciation ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the difference between amortization and depreciation?

    Because very few assets last forever, one of the main principles of accrual accounting requires that an asset's cost be proportionally ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What are some examples of general and administrative expenses?

    In accounting, general and administrative expenses represent the necessary costs to maintain a company's daily operations ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How do dividend distributions affect additional paid in capital?

    Whether a dividend distribution has any effect on additional paid-in capital depends solely on what type of dividend is issued: ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Why can additional paid in capital never have a negative balance?

    The additional paid-in capital figure on a company's balance sheet can never be negative because companies do not pay investors ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. When does the fixed charge coverage ratio suggest that a company should stop borrowing ...

    Since the fixed charge coverage ratio indicates the number of times a company is capable of making its fixed charge payments ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Active Trading

    An Introduction To Depreciation

    Companies make choices and assumptions in calculating depreciation, and you need to know how these affect the bottom line.
  2. Forex Education

    Depreciation: Straight-Line Vs. Double-Declining Methods

    Appreciate the different methods used to describe how book value is "used up".
  3. Taxes

    Capital Gains Tax 101

    Find out how taxes are applied to your investment returns and how you can reduce your tax burden.
  4. Taxes

    Avoiding IRS Penalties On Your IRA Assets

    The best way to avoid additional charges and taxes is to know which transactions have expensive consequences.
  5. Taxes

    Deducting Losses On Your IRA Investments

    In regular accounts in which taxes are not deferred, losses on investments can be included on your tax return. Find out how.
  6. Retirement

    Cut Your Tax Bill

    Paying your bills early or giving an extra donation now can help you come tax time.
  7. Economics

    Understanding the Top Line

    Top line refers to a company’s gross sales without any reductions for discounts or returns.
  8. Economics

    What's an Allowance for Doubtful Accounts?

    The allowance for doubtful accounts represents the percentage of the accounts receivable the company expects to write-off as uncollectible.
  9. Fundamental Analysis

    Understanding Activity Ratios

    Activity ratios measure how effectively a business uses its assets.
  10. Investing Basics

    What is Accrued Income?

    In a mutual fund, accrued income is earnings that have accumulated over the year, but have not yet been paid out to shareholders.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Dog And Pony Show

    A colloquial term that generally refers to a presentation or seminar to market new products or services to potential buyers.
  2. Topless Meeting

    A meeting in which participants are not allowed to use laptops. A topless meeting organizer can also ban the use of smartphones, ...
  3. Hedging Transaction

    A type of transaction that limits investment risk with the use of derivatives, such as options and futures contracts. Hedging ...
  4. Bogey

    A buzzword that refers to a benchmark used to evaluate a fund's performance. The benchmark is an index that reflects the ...
  5. Xetra

    An all-electronic trading system based in Frankfurt, Germany. Launched in 1997 and operated by the Deutsche Börse, the Xetra ...
  6. Nuncupative Will

    A verbal will that must have two witnesses and can only deal with the distribution of personal property. A nuncupative will ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!