Uniform Transfers To Minors Act - UTMA


DEFINITION of 'Uniform Transfers To Minors Act - UTMA'

An act that allows a minor to receive gifts such as money, patents, royalties, real estate and fine art, without the aid of a guardian or trustee. Under UTMA, the gift giver or an appointed custodian manages the minor's account until the latter is of age (usually 18 or 21). The Uniform Transfer to Minors Act also shields the minor from tax consequences on the gifts (up to a specified value).

BREAKING DOWN 'Uniform Transfers To Minors Act - UTMA'

Originally drafted in 1986 by The National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws, UTMA is an extension of The Uniform Gift to Minors Act (UMGA), which was limited to the transfer of securities. While UTMA is a great way to build a tax-free savings account for minor children, it should be noted that the assets will be counted as part of the custodian's taxable estate until the minor takes possession. UTMA assets might also work against a student seeking financial aid.

  1. Fiduciary

    A fiduciary is a person who acts on behalf of another person, ...
  2. Account In Trust

    An account that is managed by one party for the benefit of another. ...
  3. Custodial Account

    1. An account created at a bank, brokerage firm or mutual fund ...
  4. Guardian IRA

    An IRA held in the name of a legal guardian or parent on behalf ...
  5. Gift

    Property, money or assets that one person transfers to another ...
  6. Estate

    All of the valuable things an individual owns, such as real estate, ...
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  1. Are UTMA accounts escheatable?

    Like most financial assets held by institutions such as banks and investment firms, UTMA accounts can be escheated by state ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Can minors invest in mutual funds?

    A mutual fund can be opened under the name of a minor through a custodial account overseen by a guardian. The custodian holds ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the minimum amount of money that I can invest in a mutual fund?

    Many mutual funds require a minimum initial investment of between $500 to $3,000, with institutional class funds and hedge ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Can personal loans be included in bankruptcy?

    Personal loans from friends, family and employers fall under common categories of debt that can be discharged in the case ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How much money does Texas make from unclaimed property each year?

    In 2014, the office of the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts reported $234 million in unclaimed property claimant liabilities, ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How much money does Michigan make from unclaimed property each year?

    According to the 2013-2014 Annual Report of the State Treasurer, the state of Michigan earned only $82,875 in abandoned and ... Read Full Answer >>

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