Valuation Reserve

DEFINITION of 'Valuation Reserve'

The funds set aside by life insurers as required by state law to compensate for declines in the value of investment instruments that are held by the insurance company as assets. Valuation reserves are required because life insurance contracts can be in effect for long periods of time, and the securities valuation reserve is intended to protect the company's loss reserves in the event that the insurer's investments are under-performing.

BREAKING DOWN 'Valuation Reserve'

Prior to 1992, the mandatory securities valuation reserve (MSVR) required a liability reserve to be maintained by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) to protect against value changes in an insurance company's securities investments. Following 1992, the requirements set forth by the MSVR were transferred into the asset valuation reserve.