DEFINITION of 'Variance Inflation Factor'

A measure of the amount of multicollinearity in a set of multiple regression variables. The presence of multicollinearity within the set of independent variables can cause a number of problems in the understanding the significance of individual independent variables in the regression model. Using variance inflation factors helps to identify multicollinearity issues so that the model can be adjusted.

BREAKING DOWN 'Variance Inflation Factor'

The variance inflation factor allows a quick measure of how much a variable is contributing to the standard error in the regression. When significant multicollinearity issues exist, the variance inflation factor will be very large for the variables involved. After these variables are identified, there are several approaches that can be used to eliminate or combine collinear variables, resolving the multicollinearity issue.

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