Vendor Note

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Vendor Note'

A type of debt instrument used in a particular type of short-term loan agreement in which the seller of goods or merchandise sells them to the buyer, but also provides financing for the buyer in the form of a vendor note. The loan is secured by the inventory being sold to the buyer as well as pledges of the buyer's business assets and similar forms of security used to help lessen the perceived risk of the buyer's default.

Also known as a seller note.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Vendor Note'

Vendor notes can be a useful and convenient form of financing, particularly when well-established sellers with diverse customer bases are taking on new, smaller buyers who typically have small amounts of working capital with which to purchase inventory. The use of vendor financing can make it easier for a company to increase its sales volume, but in doing so it also incurs the risk of the buyers it finances not paying back their loans.

Vendor notes vary in terms of their time to maturity, but notes with time horizons in the range of three to five years are considered common. Many different types of terms and conditions can be built into a vendor note, such as limitations on the types of business practices the buyer can engage in, restrictions on acquiring other inventory or business assets and requirements that specific financial ratios or benchmarks be maintained.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Vendor

    The party in the supply chain that makes goods and services available ...
  2. Volume Discount

    A financial incentive for individuals or businesses that purchase ...
  3. Invoice

    A commercial document that itemizes a transaction between a buyer ...
  4. Accounts Receivable - AR

    Money owed by customers (individuals or corporations) to another ...
  5. Write-Down

    Reducing the book value of an asset because it is overvalued ...
  6. Write-Off

    A reduction in the value of an asset or earnings by the amount ...
Related Articles
  1. Fundamental Analysis

    Measuring Company Efficiency

    Three useful indicators for measuring a retail company's efficiency are its inventory turnaround times, its receivables and its collection period.
  2. Investing Basics

    Understanding The Cash Conversion Cycle

    Find out how a simple calculation can help you uncover the most efficient companies.
  3. Fundamental Analysis

    Dynamic Current Ratio: What It Is And How To Use It

    Learn why this ratio may be a good alternative to the current, cash and quick ratios.
  4. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    The ABCs of Mortgage-Backed Securities ETFs

    ETFs focused on mortgage-backed securities, or MBS, offer an opportunity to further diversify the fixed-income portion of your portfolio.
  5. Investing

    What's a Monopolistic Market?

    A monopolistic market has a significant number of characteristics of a pure monopoly. Though there may be more than one supplier, the market has high prices, suppliers tightly control availability ...
  6. Economics

    What Would Happen If Interest Rates Rise?

    This time around, while U.S. long-term yields have rebounded from their January lows, rates have generally been lower than where they ended 2014.
  7. Investing

    Strategies To Position Your Bond Portfolio

    Fixed income investors may not be able to see them all right now, but important trends are stirring on the investment horizon.
  8. Investing

    Who are Stakeholders?

    “Stakeholder” is used in commerce to describe any party who has an interest in a business or enterprise. Traditionally, stakeholders in a corporation are shareholders, employees, customers and ...
  9. Savings

    How To Make Money With Airbnb: Risks & Rewards

    Airbnb lets you turn your home or spare room into extra cash. Here's how to make money and protect yourself from the risks.
  10. Professionals

    What are Fringe Benefits?

    Fringe benefits are non-monetary compensation employers give to employees. They are often associated with high priced perks given to top executives, but any employee can receive them. Fringe ...

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Efficiency Ratio

    Ratios that are typically used to analyze how well a company uses its assets and liabilities internally. Efficiency Ratios ...
  2. Fixed Cost

    A cost that does not change with an increase or decrease in the amount of goods or services produced. Fixed costs are expenses ...
  3. Subsidy

    A benefit given by the government to groups or individuals usually in the form of a cash payment or tax reduction. The subsidy ...
  4. Sunk Cost

    A cost that has already been incurred and thus cannot be recovered. A sunk cost differs from other, future costs that a business ...
  5. Technical Skills

    1. The knowledge and abilities needed to accomplish mathematical, engineering, scientific or computer-related duties, as ...
  6. Prepaid Expense

    A type of asset that arises on a balance sheet as a result of business making payments for goods and services to be received ...
Trading Center