DEFINITION of 'Venture Capital Trust - VCT'

A type of publicly listed closed-end fund found in the United Kingdom. A venture capital trust is designed as a way for individual investors to gain access to venture capital investments via the capital markets. Its mandate is to seek out potential venture capital investments in small unlisted firms to generate higher than average risk-adjusted returns for its investors.


Numerous venture capital trusts are listed on the London Stock Exchange.

BREAKING DOWN 'Venture Capital Trust - VCT'

Venture capital trusts are tax-advantaged investments in the United Kingdom, often relieving investors of many of the tax implications surrounding dividends and capital gains, or offering lower taxation rates.


Typically, they are bound by regulations to the percentage of funds that must be allocated to qualifying investments, or holdings, along with timelines for capital injection loans and investments outside of those held in said qualifying holdings. However, the majority of VCTs aim to invest a large majority of their funds with the goal of achieving higher risk-adjusted returns than other investments available in the market.

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