Voluntary Lien


DEFINITION of 'Voluntary Lien'

A claim that one person has over the property of another as security for the payment of a debt. Liens are attached to the property and not to a person. A voluntary lien is contractual or consensual, meaning that the lien is created by an action taken by the debtor, such as a mortgage loan to buy real estate.

BREAKING DOWN 'Voluntary Lien'

A voluntary lien is a type of lien that exists because of an action taken by a debtor. This is the opposite of an involuntary lien that occurs by law, such as a tax or special assessment lien that is imposed by a regulatory authority.

  1. Lien

    The legal right of a creditor to sell the collateral property ...
  2. Absolute Priority

    A rule that stipulates the order of payment - creditors before ...
  3. Blanket Lien

    A lien that gives the right to seize, in the event of nonpayment, ...
  4. Second Lien Debt

    Debts that are subordinate to the rights of other, more senior ...
  5. Judgment Lien

    A court ruling that gives a creditor the right to take possession ...
  6. Encumbrance

    A claim against a property by a party that is not the owner. ...
Related Articles
  1. Personal Finance

    Understanding Your Mortgage

    We walk through the steps needed to secure the best loan to finance the purchase of your home.
  2. Budgeting

    Mortgages: How Much Can You Afford?

    Answering this means number-crunching as well as factoring in other considerations and expenses.
  3. Home & Auto

    When (And When Not) To Refinance Your Mortgage

    There are both good and bad reasons to refinance. Learn more about both here.
  4. Options & Futures

    Home-Equity Loans: The Costs

    Learn the factors to consider when comparing the different programs offered by various lenders.
  5. Credit & Loans

    Understanding The Mortgage Payment Structure

    We explain the calculation and payment process as well as the amortization schedule of home loans.
  6. Options & Futures

    Be Mortgage-Free Faster

    Getting rid of this debt faster has bigger benefits than you might think.
  7. Insurance

    6 Reasons To Avoid Private Mortgage Insurance

    This costly coverage protects your mortgage lender - not you.
  8. Credit & Loans

    Pre-Qualified Vs. Pre-Approved - What's The Difference?

    These terms may sound the same, but they mean very different things for homebuyers.
  9. Home & Auto

    9 Things You Need To Know About Homeowners' Associations

    Restrictive rules and high fees are just some of the things to watch out for before joining an HOA.
  10. Credit & Loans

    Adjustable Rate Mortgage: What Happens When Interest Rates Go Up

    Adjustable rate mortgages can save borrowers money, but they can't go into it blind. In order to benefit from an ARM, you have to understand how it works.
  1. How many FHA loans can I have?

    Generally, the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) does not insure more than one mortgage per borrower. This is to prevent ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Does renters insurance cover storage units?

    An all-perils renters insurance policy provides coverage for the contents of storage units. Most policies limit the amount ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Does renters insurance cover personal injuries?

    Renters insurance provides two main forms of coverage – liability and contents insurance – and they are offered together ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Does renters insurance cover flooding?

    An all-perils renters insurance policy does not cover damage from a flood. Consumers sometimes confuse a pipe bursting with ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Does renters insurance cover mold?

    An all-perils renters insurance policy typically provides a low set amount of coverage for damage caused by mold as long ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Does renters insurance cover car theft?

    An all-perils renters insurance policy does not cover the theft of a vehicle. It does, however, provide coverage for personal ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Quick Ratio

    The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet ...
  2. Black Tuesday

    October 29, 1929, when the DJIA fell 12% - one of the largest one-day drops in stock market history. More than 16 million ...
  3. Black Monday

    October 19, 1987, when the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) lost almost 22% in a single day. That event marked the beginning ...
  4. Monetary Policy

    Monetary policy is the actions of a central bank, currency board or other regulatory committee that determine the size and ...
  5. Indemnity

    Indemnity is compensation for damages or loss. Indemnity in the legal sense may also refer to an exemption from liability ...
  6. Discount Bond

    A bond that is issued for less than its par (or face) value, or a bond currently trading for less than its par value in the ...
Trading Center