Weather Future

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Weather Future'

A type of weather derivative that obligates the buyer to purchase the value of the underlying weather index - measured in heating degree days (HDD) or cooling degree days (CDD) - at a future date. The settlement price of the underlying weather index is equal to the value of the relevant month's HDD/CDD multiplied by $20. Weather futures enable businesses to protect themselves against losses caused by unexpected shifts in weather conditions.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Weather Future'

The popularity of weather futures is growing rapidly and becoming a more common method for energy companies to hedge against a change in demand due to changes in temperature. For example, if the month of October is warmer than expected, customers will not use as much heat. This will cause a loss for the energy company. If, however, the energy company has sold a weather future for the month of October, the energy company will receive (because it's obliged to sell) the value of October's HDD, providing compensation for its losses.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Weather Derivative

    An instrument used by companies to hedge against the risk of ...
  2. Settlement Price

    In derivatives markets, the price used for determining profit ...
  3. Heating Degree Day - HDD

    The number of degrees that a day's average temperature is below ...
  4. Hedge

    Making an investment to reduce the risk of adverse price movements ...
  5. Futures

    A financial contract obligating the buyer to purchase an asset ...
  6. Cooling Degree Day - CDD

    The number of degrees that a day's average temperature is above ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What types of futures contracts are typically sold on an exchange?

    There are futures contracts available and traded on exchanges for virtually every class of investment asset, ranging from ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What does the underlying of a derivative refer to?

    A derivative security is a financial instrument in which the price of the derivative is dependent on its underlying asset. ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How can an investor terminate a derivative contract?

    Most derivatives contracts have provisions allowing for early termination and netting out the initial investment. The early ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How can an investor profit from a decline in the real estate sector?

    Speculation enables investors to profit from a decline in the real estate sector. The most popular forms of speculation for ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What does it mean to take delivery of a derivative contract?

    When trading derivative contracts for options, a buyer or holder may have to take delivery of the underlying asset if the ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How is fair value calculated in the futures market?

    The fair value is the theoretical calculation of how a futures stock index contract should be valued considering the current ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Options & Futures

    Introduction To Weather Derivatives

    Learn about a financial instrument that makes temperature a tradable commodity.
  2. Insurance

    Futures Fundamentals

    For those who are new to futures but want a solid understanding of them, this tutorial explains what futures contracts are, how they work and why investors use them.
  3. Investing Basics

    Understanding Non-Deliverable Forward (NDF)

    A foreign exchange hedging strategy where the parties agree to settle the profit or loss in a foreign currency futures contract before the expiration date.
  4. Investing Basics

    Explaining Currency Swaps

    A swap that involves the exchange of principal and interest in one currency for the same in another currency.
  5. Investing Basics

    Understanding Notional Value

    This term is commonly used in the options, futures and currency markets because a very small amount of invested money can control a large position.
  6. Options & Futures

    How & Why Interest Rates Affect Futures

    There are at least four factors that affect change in futures prices, including risk free-interest rates, particularly in a no-arbitrage environment.
  7. Options & Futures

    An Introduction To Trading Silver Futures

    Silver Futures are becoming popular trading instruments. Here is a primer on how to trade them.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    The Top 3 Silver ETFs

    Like any tradable asset, silver and silver ETF prices are governed by the fundamental market economic forces of supply and demand.
  9. Active Trading Fundamentals

    Invest In Gold Through ETFs

    The mystique of the yellow metal captivates market players seeking hedges against inflationary pressure, safe haven in turbulent times and opportunities for speculative trading opportunities. ...
  10. Forex Strategies

    An Introduction To Trading Forex Futures

    We explain what forex futures are, where they are traded, and the tools you need to successfully trade these derivatives.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Net Worth

    The amount by which assets exceed liabilities. Net worth is a concept applicable to individuals and businesses as a key measure ...
  2. Stop-Loss Order

    An order placed with a broker to sell a security when it reaches a certain price. A stop-loss order is designed to limit ...
  3. Covered Call

    An options strategy whereby an investor holds a long position in an asset and writes (sells) call options on that same asset ...
  4. Butterfly Spread

    A neutral option strategy combining bull and bear spreads. Butterfly spreads use four option contracts with the same expiration ...
  5. Unlevered Beta

    A type of metric that compares the risk of an unlevered company to the risk of the market. The unlevered beta is the beta ...
  6. Moving Average - MA

    A widely used indicator in technical analysis that helps smooth out price action by filtering out the “noise” from random ...
Trading Center