DEFINITION of 'Wedge'

In technical analysis, a security price pattern where trend lines drawn above and below a price chart converge into an arrow shape. Wedge shaped patterns are thought by technical analysts to be useful in analyzing a short to intermediate term reversal of what the analyst feels to be the major price trend.

BREAKING DOWN 'Wedge'

Once the price breaks out of the wedge, it is expected to return to the major trend. Technical analysts see a 'breakout' of this wedge pattern as either bullish (on a breakout above the upper line) or bearish (on a breakout below the lower line). A wedge shape pointing upwards (rising wedge) is used in analyzing an upward price trend within an overall downward price trend. A level wedge is considered a period of consolidation, which will not reverse the current major trend. Finally a wedge pointing downwards (falling wedge) is used to analyze a downward price trend within an overall upward price movement.

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