Whole Loan

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Whole Loan'

A single residential or commercial mortgage that a lender has issued to a borrower and that has not been securitized. Whole loan lenders commonly sell their whole loans in the secondary mortgage market to buyers such as Fannie Mae. One reason lenders sell whole loans is to reduce their risk. Instead of holding a mortgage for 15 or 30 years and hoping that the borrower will repay the money, the lender can get the principal back almost immediately.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Whole Loan'

The lender no longer earns interest on the whole loans that it sells, but it gains cash to make additional loans. When the lender closes additional mortgages, it earns money from origination fees, points and other closing costs paid by borrowers. This liquidity also makes it easier for borrowers to get mortgages. Fannie Mae will buy whole loans one at a time, but some other secondary market entities will only buy pools of whole loans. Loan pools can reduce risk as long as the pool includes loans with different risk characteristics, such as varying loan terms and credit scores. Fannie Mae reduces its risk by requiring that the whole loans it buys meet specific eligibility and underwriting criteria.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Collateralized Mortgage Obligation ...

    A type of mortgage-backed security in which principal repayments ...
  2. Mortgage

    A debt instrument, secured by the collateral of specified real ...
  3. Whole Pool

    In the mortgage-backed securities market, whole pools refer to ...
  4. Spot Loan

    A spot loan is a type of mortgage loan made for a borrower to ...
  5. Fannie Mae - Federal National Mortgage ...

    A government-sponsored enterprise (GSE) that was created in 1938 ...
  6. Ginnie Mae - Government National ...

    A U.S. government corporation within the U.S. Department of Housing ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. No results found.
Related Articles
  1. Credit & Loans

    Mortgages: Fixed-Rate Versus Adjustable-Rate

    Both of these have advantages and disadvantages depending on your financial needs and prospects.
  2. Credit & Loans

    Mortgage Points: What's The Point?

    Learn how to pay less for your home in the long run, or save in the short run.
  3. Personal Finance

    Understanding Your Mortgage

    We walk through the steps needed to secure the best loan to finance the purchase of your home.
  4. Insurance

    Behind The Scenes Of Your Mortgage

    Four major players slice and dice your mortgage in the secondary market.
  5. Budgeting

    Mortgages: How Much Can You Afford?

    Answering this means number-crunching as well as factoring in other considerations and expenses.
  6. Credit & Loans

    Understanding The Mortgage Payment Structure

    We explain the calculation and payment process as well as the amortization schedule of home loans.
  7. Options & Futures

    The Reverse Mortgage: A Retirement Tool

    Discover another way to fund your retirement without having to make payments on a loan.
  8. Credit & Loans

    Reverse Mortgages: How To Find A Good One

    Finding a reverse mortgage generally means using a lender that specializes in them. Here's how to find a reputable one.
  9. Stock Analysis

    How Are Interest Rates Affecting Annaly Cap Mgmt?

    Annaly Capital Management reported a net loss of $658 million thanks to the mortgage REIT's strategy of hedging its exposure to higher interest rates.
  10. Savings

    Mortgage Faceoff: Bank of America Vs. Wells Fargo

    Which bank offers the better mortgage deal? Here's how they compare on two popular types of mortgage.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Technical Skills

    1. The knowledge and abilities needed to accomplish mathematical, engineering, scientific or computer-related duties, as ...
  2. Prepaid Expense

    A type of asset that arises on a balance sheet as a result of business making payments for goods and services to be received ...
  3. Gordon Growth Model

    A model for determining the intrinsic value of a stock, based on a future series of dividends that grow at a constant rate. ...
  4. Cost Accounting

    A type of accounting process that aims to capture a company's costs of production by assessing the input costs of each step ...
  5. Law Of Supply

    A microeconomic law stating that, all other factors being equal, as the price of a good or service increases, the quantity ...
  6. Investment Grade

    A rating that indicates that a municipal or corporate bond has a relatively low risk of default. Bond rating firms, such ...
Trading Center