Whole Loan

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Whole Loan'

A single residential or commercial mortgage that a lender has issued to a borrower and that has not been securitized. Whole loan lenders commonly sell their whole loans in the secondary mortgage market to buyers such as Fannie Mae. One reason lenders sell whole loans is to reduce their risk. Instead of holding a mortgage for 15 or 30 years and hoping that the borrower will repay the money, the lender can get the principal back almost immediately.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Whole Loan'

The lender no longer earns interest on the whole loans that it sells, but it gains cash to make additional loans. When the lender closes additional mortgages, it earns money from origination fees, points and other closing costs paid by borrowers. This liquidity also makes it easier for borrowers to get mortgages. Fannie Mae will buy whole loans one at a time, but some other secondary market entities will only buy pools of whole loans. Loan pools can reduce risk as long as the pool includes loans with different risk characteristics, such as varying loan terms and credit scores. Fannie Mae reduces its risk by requiring that the whole loans it buys meet specific eligibility and underwriting criteria.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Collateralized Mortgage Obligation ...

    A type of mortgage-backed security in which principal repayments ...
  2. Mortgage

    A debt instrument, secured by the collateral of specified real ...
  3. Whole Pool

    In the mortgage-backed securities market, whole pools refer to ...
  4. Spot Loan

    A spot loan is a type of mortgage loan made for a borrower to ...
  5. Fannie Mae - Federal National Mortgage ...

    A government-sponsored enterprise (GSE) that was created in 1938 ...
  6. Pass-Through Security

    A pool of fixed-income securities backed by a package of assets. ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is the difference between an Equity REIT and a Mortgage REIT?

    There are several types of real estate investments trusts (REITS) that investors can purchase, including equity REITS and ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Can small investors buy collateralized mortgage obligations (CMOs)?

    Collateralized mortgage obligations (CMOs), which are pools of mortgage-backed securities (MBS), are available to smaller ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the difference between an option-adjusted spread and a Z-spread in reference ...

    Unlike the Z-spread calculation, the option-adjusted spread takes into account how the embedded option in a bond can change ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are some historical examples of debt securitization?

    The first debt securities were probably sovereign debt assets that were transferred from the British government to mercantilist ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What price-to-book ratio is considered average in the chemicals sector?

    You can use Microsoft Excel to calculate the loan-to-value ratio if you have the mortgage amount and appraised value of a ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How can I use the correlation coefficient to predict returns in the stock market?

    Simple interest is most commonly seen in short-term loans, such as those from payday lenders or pawn shops. You might see ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Credit & Loans

    Mortgages: Fixed-Rate Versus Adjustable-Rate

    Both of these have advantages and disadvantages depending on your financial needs and prospects.
  2. Credit & Loans

    Mortgage Points: What's The Point?

    Learn how to pay less for your home in the long run, or save in the short run.
  3. Personal Finance

    Understanding Your Mortgage

    We walk through the steps needed to secure the best loan to finance the purchase of your home.
  4. Insurance

    Behind The Scenes Of Your Mortgage

    Four major players slice and dice your mortgage in the secondary market.
  5. Budgeting

    Mortgages: How Much Can You Afford?

    Answering this means number-crunching as well as factoring in other considerations and expenses.
  6. Credit & Loans

    Understanding The Mortgage Payment Structure

    We explain the calculation and payment process as well as the amortization schedule of home loans.
  7. Options & Futures

    The Reverse Mortgage: A Retirement Tool

    Discover another way to fund your retirement without having to make payments on a loan.
  8. Credit & Loans

    What is an Unsecured Loan?

    An unsecured loan is based on the creditworthiness of the borrower, and has no collateral securing the loan.
  9. Home & Auto

    What Are The Tax Advantages Of Buying A Home?

    Don't forget these deductions and credits that homeowners can use to reduce their tax bill.
  10. Credit & Loans

    How To Finance Foreign Real Estate

    If you don't pay cash, financing real estate abroad is likely to cost more than at home. Watch for local laws and be sure your rights are protected.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Net Worth

    The amount by which assets exceed liabilities. Net worth is a concept applicable to individuals and businesses as a key measure ...
  2. Stop-Loss Order

    An order placed with a broker to sell a security when it reaches a certain price. A stop-loss order is designed to limit ...
  3. Covered Call

    An options strategy whereby an investor holds a long position in an asset and writes (sells) call options on that same asset ...
  4. Butterfly Spread

    A neutral option strategy combining bull and bear spreads. Butterfly spreads use four option contracts with the same expiration ...
  5. Unlevered Beta

    A type of metric that compares the risk of an unlevered company to the risk of the market. The unlevered beta is the beta ...
  6. Moving Average - MA

    A widely used indicator in technical analysis that helps smooth out price action by filtering out the “noise” from random ...
Trading Center