Wholly Owned Subsidiary

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What is a 'Wholly Owned Subsidiary'

A wholly owned subsidiary is a company whose common stock is 100% owned by another company, called the parent company. A company can become a wholly owned subsidiary through acquisition by the parent company or spin off from the parent company. In contrast, a regular subsidiary is 51 to 99% owned by the parent company. One situation in which a parent company might find it helpful to establish a subsidiary company is if it wants to operate in a foreign market. This arrangement is common among high-tech companies who want to retain complete control and ownership of their technology.

BREAKING DOWN 'Wholly Owned Subsidiary'

Wholly owned subsidiaries allow the parent company to retain the greatest amount of control, but also leave the parent with all the costs and risks of full ownership. When a lesser number of costs and risks are desirable, or when it is not possible to obtain complete or majority control, the parent company might introduce an affiliate, associate or associate company in which it would own a minority stake.

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RELATED FAQS
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    Understand the primary differences between a subsidiary company and a wholly owned subsidiary, and their relationship to ... Read Answer >>
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    Find out how wholly owned subsidiaries and their parent companies are treated in the European Union, specifically regarding ... Read Answer >>
  3. Are there any practical differences between a wholly owned subsidiary and a regular ...

    Explore the real, practical differences between a wholly owned subsidiary and a regular subsidiary. Local conditions determine ... Read Answer >>
  4. What are the differences between affiliate, associate and subsidiary companies?

    All three of these terms refer to the degree of ownership that a parent company holds in another company. In most cases, ... Read Answer >>
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    A subsidiary is a company that is controlled by another 'parent' company. The subsidiary acts and operates like its own entity ... Read Answer >>
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