20 Investments: Mutual Funds
What Is It?
Are you someone who wants to invest (or already does), but doesn't want to bother deciphering a company's numbers and deciding whether or not the stock is a good buy? Or are you someone who finds the risk and volatility of the stock market stomach-turning?
If this describes your personality, you are a prime candidate for mutual funds. A mutual fund is simply a large group of people who lump their money together and give it to a management company to invest it on their behalf. A mutual fund manager proceeds to buy a number of stocks from various markets and industries. Depending on the amount you invest, you own a part of the overall fund.
Objectives and Risks
For the most part, investors should buy mutual funds as a long-term investment. The nice thing about mutual funds is that the objectives change from fund to fund. Each mutual fund has a different strategy - it is your job to decide what your objectives are and which fund best suits those objectives. Mutual fund strategies include growth/aggressive, low risk, balanced, momentum, and many others.
Your risk tolerance will play a big role in determining which fund you purchase - it all comes down to the old risk/return tradeoff. For example, if your fund is meant for retirement, then perhaps a low-risk money market fund is best for you. Many funds justify their under-performance as a factor of risk. For example, a mutual fund might fall short of beating the S&P 500, but at the same time it offers a beta (risk) that is much less than that of the market. If you are willing to sacrifice some performance in return for a good night's sleep, then these "low-risk" funds are a good option.
How To Buy or Sell It
There are thousands of different mutual funds out there. Most of them can be purchased directly through the mutual fund company, a bank, a brokerage or a financial planner. The commissions on mutual funds can vary widely depending on the company and the style of the fund. A load mutual fund charges you for the shares bought, plus a sales fee. A no-load fund sells its shares without a commission or sales charge, but management fees can be higher. (For an in-depth look at mutual funds, see our Mutual Fund Basics Tutorial.)
20 Investments: Options (Stocks)
Three Main Uses
An investment vehicle that is made up of a pool of funds collected ...
Dividend payments divided by the value of a mutual fund’s shares. ...
An investment firm or brokerage that offers investors a wide ...
A mutual fund that invests in other mutual funds. This method ...
A legal, but frowned-upon practice, whereby traders attempt to ...
A group of mutual funds offered by one investment or fund company. ...
Evaluate mutual fund performance utilizing resources such as Morningstar; compare the fund with others in its peer group ... Read Answer >>
Learn what a mutual fund and a money market fund are, and understand the differences between each and how they serve various ... Read Answer >>
There is no written rule that stipulates how much of a company a mutual fund can own. Instead, there are two major factors ... Read Answer >>
Discover what an appropriate fee for a large-cap mutual fund should be, and learn how choosing index mutual funds can lead ... Read Answer >>
A mutual fund is simply a large group of people who lump their money together for a management company to invest. And, like ... Read Answer >>
Learn how mutual funds differ from exchange-traded funds (ETFs) in how they are traded. Also, learn what fees are involved ... Read Answer >>