1. Introduction To Annuities: The History Of Annuities
  2. Introduction To Annuities: Basics of Annuities
  3. Introduction To Annuities: Advantages And Disadvantages
  4. Introduction To Annuities: Marketing And Regulation
  5. Introduction To Annuities: Fixed Contracts
  6. Introduction To Annuities: Indexed Annuities
  7. Introduction To Annuities: Variable Annuities
  8. Introduction To Annuities: Conclusion

In the previous two sections, we covered the basic characteristics common to all annuity contracts. In this section we will explore fixed annuities and the features unique to them in more detail.

What Is a Fixed Annuity?
As its name implies, a
fixed annuity is a type of contract that guarantees to return both the investor's principal plus a fixed rate of interest. These contracts essentially function much like Certificate of Deposits (CDs), except that they grow tax-deferred.

Safety of Principal

Fixed annuities are among the safest investments available, almost on a par with CDs. Although they are not backed by Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insurance, fixed annuity carriers are required by state law to back their outstanding annuity contracts with cash reserves on a dollar-for-dollar basis. If an annuity carrier becomes bankrupt or insolvent for any reason, then reinsurance groups will step in and cover most or all of any investor losses. Although it has happened on occasion, it is extremely uncommon for investors to lose money in fixed annuities. However, investors who do get caught holding a contract with an insolvent company should be prepared to wait for a while to get their money back, just as bank customers at insolvent banks must wait to get their cash back from the FDIC.

History
The history of fixed annuities essentially mirrors the general history of annuities described in the introduction. All early annuities in any form were fixed annuities; they were the only kind of annuity that existed until 1952.

Interest Rates
One of the chief benefits of fixed annuities is the rate of interest that they pay. Fixed annuity rates tend to be slightly higher than those of CDs, treasuries or savings bonds. This is because insurance carriers invest their clients' assets into a portfolio of long-term bonds and assume all of the naked risk from them, passing the majority of the earnings on to the contract holders. Many fixed contracts attempt to lure investors by offering an initial "teaser" rate that will eventually drop to a much lower rate for the duration of the contract. For example, a five-year fixed annuity could offer a first-year rate of 6%. However, the contract might only pay 3% for the remaining four years.
Risk of Default and State Guaranty Associations
Investors who shop for the best fixed annuity rates should also take care to check each carrier's financial rating. Insurance companies are rated the same way as banks, stocks, bonds and mutual funds. The rating system varies depending upon the rating company, but the highest rating will be something like AAA or A++. Most investors should probably stick with insurance companies that have at least an A+ or equivalent rating. Although it is rare, insurance carriers can and do become insolvent on occasion. When this happens, state guaranty associations will step in and insure every annuity contract with the insolvent company up to a certain dollar limit, such as $100,000, $250,000 or more. However, investors should be prepared to wait for at least several weeks to get their money back, and in some cases it can take much longer. Each state guaranty association is also a member of the National Organization of Life and Health Insurance Guaranty Associations. Although virtually all life insurance companies are required by state law to join these associations in order to receive their protection, the public at large is largely unaware of their existence. This is because state laws forbid the use of this protection as a marketing incentive, unlike banks and credit unions which proudly display their federal insurance to their customers.

In Section 6, we will examine indexed annuities.


Introduction To Annuities: Indexed Annuities
Related Articles
  1. Investing

    What Do You Need to Know About Annuities?

    There are varying views on annuities. Use this basic information to draw your own conclusions.
  2. Investing

    The Many Benefits of Deferred Annuities

    Having a deferred annuity can ensure income in retirement above and beyond Social Security.
  3. Retirement

    Watch Your Back In The Annuity Game

    Find out how to get the upper hand when dealing with this payout challenge.
  4. Financial Advisor

    Annuities: A Solution for Baby Boomer Retirees?

    Annuities can provide guaranteed lifetime income at a time when retirement outlooks are seemingly bleak. Here's the lowdown on why they can be good.
  5. Retirement

    Annuities: How To Find The Right One For You

    Fixed, variable and indexed annuities offer different features. Find out which one fits your needs.
  6. Investing

    Should You Buy an Annuity?

    There are both pros and cons of buying an annuity, so do your due diligence before investing in one.
  7. Retirement

    Who Benefits From Retirement Annuities

    Annuities guarantee some degree of fixed income in retirement. But is the security worth the fees and less favorable tax treatment? How to decide.
  8. Retirement

    How a Fixed Annuity Works After Retirement

    These popular investments can provide a steady stream of income during your retirement years. Here are the details.
  9. Investing

    DIY Annuities: What You Need to Know

    Annuities are attractive because they can give you a stream of income, but they can be tricky to buy.
Frequently Asked Questions
  1. What are Some Advantages of Raising Capital Through Private Placement?

    Understand how a business can raise capital through private placement and the benefits business owners receive through this ...
  2. A Hostile Takeover vs. Friendly Takeover

    Learn about the difference between a hostile takeover and a friendly takeover, and understand how proxy fights and tender ...
  3. What Level of Return on Equity is Common for Bank?

    Discover what the average return on equity (ROE) ratio is for companies in the banking industry, and understand the significance ...
  4. How is Warren Buffett Plan Bequeathing his Estate?

    Find out how much Warren Buffett is leaving for his heirs and how he wants the funds invested after his death. Learn about ...
Trading Center