Guide To Excel For Finance: HLookup And VLookup
HLookup
The "HLookup" function in Excel is used to easily find data in a very large database or string of values housed in an Excel workbook. It stands for horizontal lookup, or looking across a set of rows in a spreadsheet. The inputs, which are detailed below, include a lookup value ("Lookup_value," or the specific figure you are looking for in a database of figures. The table array ("Table_array") defines the part of the database you are looking for. The "Rowindex_num" input defines the horizontal row where you are looking to find the data. Finally, "Range_lookup" will help you find either the exact number you are looking for or the closest number available.
For example, suppose you have three products, each selling for $25, $55 and $75, respectively, and you record the quantities of each product sold on a spreadsheet. If you want to look up the amount of items sold for $55, simply input the =hlookup function. Under lookup_value, put the cell number of the desired figure you are searching for (in this case, $55.) Next, select a table array, which the function will use to search through your data. Finally, under rowindex_num, insert the row number where the quantity will be found under the price you are searching for. If done correctly, =hlookup will result in a value of 17.
VLookup
As you might have already guessed, the VLookup function is similar to HLookup, but the data you are looking for will be vertical, or in a column in Excel. The inputs are actually the same, the only difference will be how the data in an Excel file database are arranged. Returning to the above example, the price and quantities would be listed vertically in an Excel column. Guide To Excel For Finance: Linking Yahoo! Finance and Other Outside Financial Data To Excel

Profit Margin
A category of ratios measuring profitability calculated as net ... 
Quarter  Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4
A threemonth period on a financial calendar that acts as a basis ... 
Debt Ratio
A financial ratio that measures the extent of a company’s or ... 
PriceEarnings Ratio  P/E Ratio
The PricetoEarnings Ratio or P/E ratio is a ratio for valuing ... 
Net Present Value  NPV
The difference between the present values of cash inflows and ... 
LongTerm Debt
Longterm debt consists of loans and financial obligations lasting ...

What is the formula for calculating weighted average cost of capital (WACC) in Excel?
When analyzing different financing options, companies need to look at how much it will cost to fund operations. There are ... Read Full Answer >> 
How do I perform a financial analysis using Excel?
Investors can use Excel to run technical calculations or produce fundamental accounting ratios. Corporations use Excel to ... Read Full Answer >> 
How can I calculate a bond's coupon rate in Excel?
A bond's coupon rate is simply the rate of interest it pays each year, expressed as a percentage of the bond's par value. ... Read Full Answer >> 
How do you calculate variance in Excel?
To calculate statistical variance in Microsoft Excel, use the builtin Excel function VAR. Given a set of numbers value1 ... Read Full Answer >> 
How do I import QuickBooks Pro Account trial balances for the first time?
You figured out how to create invoices, track sales, streamline your bookkeeping and gather data on your business with Intuit's ... Read Full Answer >> 
How do you calculate net debt using Excel?
In corporate valuation as in corporate accounting, numerous metrics are used to assess the worth of a business and its ability ... Read Full Answer >> 
How can you calculate correlation using Excel?
Correlation measures the degree to which two variables move in relation to each other. High positive correlations mean that ... Read Full Answer >> 
How can I calculate the times interest earned in Excel?
Times interest earned (TIE), also known as the interest coverage ratio, can easily be calculated in any version of Microsoft ... Read Full Answer >> 
How do I use Excel to calculate a weighted average?
A weighted average is simply a method of determining the mean of a set of data in which certain points occur multiple times ... Read Full Answer >> 
How can you calculate volatility in Excel?
Though there are several ways to measure the volatility of a given security, analysts typically look to the historical volatility. ... Read Full Answer >> 
How do I calculate the debttoequity ratio in Excel?
The debt to equity (D/E) ratio is an important leverage metric in corporate finance. It is a measure of the degree to which ... Read Full Answer >> 
How can I calculate the acid test ratio in Excel?
The acid test ratio, commonly called the quick ratio, is a useful accounting metric used to measure a company's ability to ... Read Full Answer >> 
What is the formula for calculating gross profit margin in Excel?
Gross profit margin is an important metric for evaluating a company's profitability. In short, it measures the amount of ... Read Full Answer >>