History Of The Mutual Fund
AAA
  1. Overview Of The Mutual Fund Industry
  2. History Of The Mutual Fund
  3. How A Mutual Fund Works
  4. Today's Mutual Fund Industry
  5. Fund Investment Qualities
  6. Fund Investment Quality Scorecard (FIQS)

History Of The Mutual Fund

By Richard Loth (Contact | Biography)

Historians are uncertain of the origins of investment funds. There are some indications that the idea of pooling assets for investment purposes began in the Netherlands in the late 18th or early 19th century. Closed-end investment funds did take root in Great Britain and France in the 1800s, making their way to the United States in the 1890s. (For more insight, see Uncovering Closed-End Funds.)

The creation of the Massachusetts Investors' Trust in Boston in 1924, which went public in 1928, is cited as the arrival of the modern mutual fund in the U.S. In 1929, there were 19 open-ended funds competing with nearly 700 of the closed-end variety. The market crash of 1929 wiped out the highly leveraged closed-end funds, but a small number of opened-ended funds managed to survive.

The creation of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), the passage of the Securities Act of 1934 and the Investment Company Act of 1940 put the mutual fund business on a solid regulatory basis with safeguards for investors. In the early 1950s, the mutual fund count topped 100 and continued to grow through the next two decades. The bull markets of the 1980s and 1990s accelerated this growth, pushing the fund count over 3,000, with total assets surpassing the $1 trillion mark during this period.

In response to the mutual fund scandals of the 2003-2004 period, corrective regulatory and industry practices were, and continue to be, enacted. By the end of 2006, the mutual fund business was still growing and mutual funds in the U. S. numbered more than 8,000 with asset holdings of $10.4 trillion and new markets opening up around the world. (For related reading, see A Brief History Of The Mutual Fund.)

Return to the Main Menu.

How A Mutual Fund Works

  1. Overview Of The Mutual Fund Industry
  2. History Of The Mutual Fund
  3. How A Mutual Fund Works
  4. Today's Mutual Fund Industry
  5. Fund Investment Qualities
  6. Fund Investment Quality Scorecard (FIQS)
RELATED TERMS
  1. Dividend

    A distribution of a portion of a company's earnings, decided ...
  2. Sharpe Ratio

    A ratio developed by Nobel laureate William F. Sharpe to measure ...
  3. Historic Pricing

    A method for calculating the value of an asset using the last ...
  4. Earnings Per Share - EPS

    The portion of a company's profit allocated to each outstanding ...
  5. Return On Investment - ROI

    A performance measure used to evaluate the efficiency of an investment ...
  6. Bear Fund

    A mutual fund designed to provide higher returns when the market ...
  1. What does the Dividend Discount Model (DDM) show an investor about a company?

    Discover the purpose of the dividend discount model, or DDM, of stock analysis and what it specifically aims to evaluate ...
  2. If a company has a high debt to capital ratio, what else should I look at before ...

    Learn about some of the financial leverage and profitability ratios that investors can analyze to supplement examining the ...
  3. How can a firm bring down its operating leverage?

    Discover how to determine a company's operating leverage and how this metric can be helpful to analysts and investors when ...
  4. How does DuPont Analysis measure profitability?

    Discover how the DuPont analysis system breaks down a company’s return on equity into three parts to fully analyze its efficiency ...

You May Also Like

Related Tutorials
  1. Investing Basics

    Industry Handbook

  2. Fundamental Analysis

    Discounted Cash Flow Analysis

  3. Fundamental Analysis

    Ratio Analysis Tutorial

  4. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top ETFs And What They Track: A Tutorial

  5. Active Trading Fundamentals

    Introduction to Stock Trader Types

Trading Center