

By Richard Loth (Contact  Biography)
The first ratios we'll take a look at in this tutorial are the liquidity ratios. Liquidity ratios attempt to measure a company's ability to pay off its shortterm debt obligations. This is done by comparing a company's most liquid assets (or, those that can be easily converted to cash), its shortterm liabilities.
In general, the greater the coverage of liquid assets to shortterm liabilities the better as it is a clear signal that a company can pay its debts that are coming due in the near future and still fund its ongoing operations. On the other hand, a company with a low coverage rate should raise a red flag for investors as it may be a sign that the company will have difficulty meeting running its operations, as well as meeting its obligations.
The biggest difference between each ratio is the type of assets used in the calculation. While each ratio includes current assets, the more conservative ratios will exclude some current assets as they aren't as easily converted to cash.
The ratios that we'll look at are the current, quick and cash ratios and we will also go over the cash conversion cycle, which goes into how the company turns its inventory into cash.
To find the data used in the examples in this section, please see the Securities and Exchange Commission's website to view the 2005 Annual Statement of Zimmer Holdings.

Investing
The Working Capital Position
Learn how to correctly analyze a company's liquidity and beat the average investor. 
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Do Your Investments Have ShortTerm Health?
If a company is strong enough to survive tough times, it is more likely to provide longterm value. 
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Current Liabilities
Current Liabilities are company debts due within one year or one operating cycle, whichever is greater. An operating cycle is the time it takes a company to purchase inventory and convert it ... 
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What is the Cash Ratio?
The cash ratio is the ratio of a company's total cash and cash equivalents to its current liabilities. 
Investing
Dynamic Current Ratio: What It Is And How To Use It
Learn why this ratio may be a good alternative to the current, cash and quick ratios. 
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Financial Analysis: Solvency Vs. Liquidity Ratios
Solvency and liquidity are equally important for a company's financial health. A number of financial ratios are used to measure a company’s liquidity and solvency, and an investor should use ... 
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6 Basic Financial Ratios And What They Reveal
These formulas can help you pick better stocks for your portfolio once you learn how to use them. 
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5 Basic Financial Ratios And What They Reveal
Understanding financial ratios can help investors pick strong stocks and build wealth. Here are five to know. 
Investing
What Are Quick Assets?
A company’s quick assets can be easily converted into cash.