1. SIMPLE IRAs: Introduction
  2. SIMPLE IRAs: Eligibility Requirements
  3. SIMPLE IRAs: Contributions
  4. SIMPLE IRAs: Distributions
  5. SIMPLE IRAs: Conclusion

By Denise Appleby

A Savings incentive match plan for employees (SIMPLE) is an IRA-based employer plan under which eligible employees are allowed to make contributions to their SIMPLE IRAs, and employers are required to make either matching or nonelective contributions.

Let's recap:

  • SIMPLEs can be established by business owners who had 100 or fewer employees who earned at least $5,000 during the preceding year.
  • Unlike qualified plans, a SIMPLE IRA plan is easy to administer. The start-up and maintenance costs for SIMPLE IRAs are very low compared to qualified plans.
  • Any employer - which includes sole proprietorships, partnerships, corporations and non-profit organizations - may establish a SIMPLE IRA Plan, as long as the employer meets the eligibility requirements.
  • Contributions to SIMPLE IRAs are immediately 100% vested, and the SIMPLE IRA owner (employee)¬†directs the investments.
  • An employer is required to make either dollar-for-dollar matching contributions (not to exceed 3% of the employee's compensation), or 2% nonelective contribution to all eligible employees regardless of whether they make deferral contributions.
  • The tax and penalty treatment applicable to distributions from a SIMPLE IRA is determined by the SIMPLE IRA owner's age at the time of distribution.

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