A bull market is when everything in the economy is great, people are finding jobs, gross domestic product (GDP) is growing, and stocks are rising. Things are just plain rosy! Picking stocks during a bull market is easier because everything is going up. Bull markets cannot last forever though, and sometimes they can lead to dangerous situations if stocks become overvalued. If a person is optimistic and believes that stocks will go up, he or she is called a "bull" and is said to have a "bullish outlook".
A bear market is when the economy is bad, recession is looming and stock prices are falling. Bear markets make it tough for investors to pick profitable stocks. One solution to this is to make money when stocks are falling using a technique called short selling. Another strategy is to wait on the sidelines until you feel that the bear market is nearing its end, only starting to buy in anticipation of a bull market. If a person is pessimistic, believing that stocks are going to drop, he or she is called a "bear" and said to have a "bearish outlook".
The Other Animals on the Farm - Chickens and Pigs
Chickens are afraid to lose anything. Their fear overrides their need to make profits and so they turn only to money-market securities or get out of the markets entirely. While it's true that you should never invest in something over which you lose sleep, you are also guaranteed never to see any return if you avoid the market completely and never take any risk,
Pigs are high-risk investors looking for the one big score in a short period of time. Pigs buy on hot tips and invest in companies without doing their due diligence. They get impatient, greedy, and emotional about their investments, and they are drawn to high-risk securities without putting in the proper time or money to learn about these investment vehicles. Professional traders love the pigs, as it's often from their losses that the bulls and bears reap their profits.
What Type of Investor Will You Be?
There are plenty of different investment styles and strategies out there. Even though the bulls and bears are constantly at odds, they can both make money with the changing cycles in the market. Even the chickens see some returns, though not a lot. The one loser in this picture is the pig.
Make sure you don't get into the market before you are ready. Be conservative and never invest in anything you do not understand. Before you jump in without the right knowledge, think about this old stock market saying:
"Bulls make money, bears make money, but pigs just get slaughtered!"Stocks Basics: Conclusion
Personal FinanceFinance professionals speak a different language, but the terms they use are more familiar than you think.
TradingDiscover why it's important to know the characteristics of the two types of market conditions.
Managing WealthWhile investors shouldn’t feel compelled to change their portfolios radically overnight in reaction to the market's daily moves, small adjustments in the face of a bull or bear market could be ...
Managing WealthPrepare to survive, and even prosper, in the impending bear market, by considering and putting into action the following four strategies.
InvestingLearn how your portfolio should evolve to suit bear market conditions.
MarketsThere are many ways to profit in both bear and bull markets. The key to success is using the tools for each market to their full advantage.
TradingStay calm, play dead and keep your eyes open for attractive valuations.
InvestingFind out why no bull market lasts forever, and why investors should shift their assets away from growth and toward dividends when stocks slow down.
ETFs & Mutual FundsEven if the market is in a decline your portfolio doesn't have to be.
MarketsLet's recap what we've learned in this tutorial: Stock means ownership. As an owner, you have a claim on the assets and earnings of a company as well as voting rights with your shares. Stock ...