Technical Analysis: The Importance Of Volume
By Cory Janssen, Chad Langager and Casey Murphy
To this point, we've only discussed the price of a security. While price is the primary item of concern in technical analysis, volume is also extremely important.
What is Volume?
Volume is simply the number of shares or contracts that trade over a given period of time, usually a day. The higher the volume, the more active the security. To determine the movement of the volume (up or down), chartists look at the volume bars that can usually be found at the bottom of any chart. Volume bars illustrate how many shares have traded per period and show trends in the same way that prices do. (For further reading, see Price Patterns - Part 3, Gauging Support And Resistance With Price By Volume.)
Why Volume is Important
Volume is an important aspect of technical analysis because it is used to confirm trends and chart patterns. Any price movement up or down with relatively high volume is seen as a stronger, more relevant move than a similar move with weak volume. Therefore, if you are looking at a large price movement, you should also examine the volume to see whether it tells the same story.
Say, for example, that a stock jumps 5% in one trading day after being in a long downtrend. Is this a sign of a trend reversal? This is where volume helps traders. If volume is high during the day relative to the average daily volume, it is a sign that the reversal is probably for real. On the other hand, if the volume is below average, there may not be enough conviction to support a true trend reversal. (To read more, check out Trading Volume - Crowd Psychology.)
Volume should move with the trend. If prices are moving in an upward trend, volume should increase (and vice versa). If the previous relationship between volume and price movements starts to deteriorate, it is usually a sign of weakness in the trend. For example, if the stock is in an uptrend but the up trading days are marked with lower volume, it is a sign that the trend is starting to lose its legs and may soon end.
When volume tells a different story, it is a case of divergence, which refers to a contradiction between two different indicators. The simplest example of divergence is a clear upward trend on declining volume. (For additional insight, read Divergences, Momentum And Rate Of Change.)
Volume and Chart Patterns
The other use of volume is to confirm chart patterns. Patterns such as head and shoulders, triangles, flags and other price patterns can be confirmed with volume, a process which we'll describe in more detail later in this tutorial. In most chart patterns, there are several pivotal points that are vital to what the chart is able to convey to chartists. Basically, if the volume is not there to confirm the pivotal moments of a chart pattern, the quality of the signal formed by the pattern is weakened.
Volume Precedes Price
Another important idea in technical analysis is that price is preceded by volume. Volume is closely monitored by technicians and chartists to form ideas on upcoming trend reversals. If volume is starting to decrease in an uptrend, it is usually a sign that the upward run is about to end.
Now that we have a better understanding of some of the important factors of technical analysis, we can move on to charts, which help to identify trading opportunities in prices movements.
Definition of middle market
The difference between the present values of cash inflows and ...
A valuation method in which the prices paid for similar companies ...
A style of investing for the relatively short term based on anticipated ...
Fintech is a portmanteau of financial technology that describes ...
Indicators are statistics used to measure current conditions ...
Doug Siepman and Etienne Botes developed the vortex indicator to anticipate reversals in price trends. They believed that ... Read Full Answer >>
Calculate the correlation coefficient to find the correlation between any two variables, whether they are market indicators, ... Read Full Answer >>
Time Segmented Volume (TSV) was designed to track the relationship between a security's trading volume and its price movements. ... Read Full Answer >>
Hedge funds use short selling to profit from stocks whose prices they believe are going to decline in value. A hedge is a ... Read Full Answer >>
The benefits wrought from investment markets arise naturally, voluntarily and unintentionally in a private economy. Benefits ... Read Full Answer >>
All publicly-traded companies have a set number of shares that are outstanding on the stock market. A stock split is a decision ... Read Full Answer >>