The Fed has more power and influence on financial markets than any legislative entity. Its monetary decisions are intensely observed and often lead the way for other countries to take the same policy changes. We hope that this tutorial has helped to shed some light on how the Fed affects the markets.
- The Federal Reserve Board was created to in 1913 to provide the nation with a safer, more flexible and more stable monetary and financial system.
- The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve heads up the Fed.
- Twelve Regional Federal Reserve Banks are the operating arms of the Fed.
- The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) is the policy-making branch of the Federal Reserve.
- The Fed's mandate is "to promote sustainable growth, high levels of employment, stability of prices to help preserve the purchasing power of the dollar and moderate long-term interest rates."
- The Fed serves as the banker's bank, the government's bank, the regulator of financial institutions and as the nation's money manager.
- Monetary policy is influenced through open-market operations, the discount rate and reserve requirements.
- The FOMC sets a target for the federal funds rate and attempts to reach that rate primarily through the use of open market operations.
- The FOMC typically meets eight times per year to make decisions on monetary policy.
- If the FOMC wants to increase economic growth, it will reduce the target federal funds rate (and vice versa).
- If the target rate has been increased, the FOMC sells securities. If the FOMC reduces the target rate, they buy securities.
- Reducing the target rate means that the fed is putting more money into the economy (and vice versa).
- Chairman of the Fed, Ben Bernanke took over the position from Alan Greenspan on February 1, 2006. Greenspan had held the position since 1987.
MarketsThe Federal Reserve's actions as it aims to maintain economic stability impact the cost of funds for banks and consequently for mortgage borrowers.
MarketsLearn about the duties and responsibilities of the chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, including testifying before Congress and as chair of the FOMC.
MarketsThe Federal Open Market Committee is the branch of the Federal Reserve Board that determines monetary policy.
MarketsFind out how the Fed manages bank reserves and this contributes to a stable economy.
MarketsFind out how this institution has stabilized the U.S. economy during economic downturn.
MarketsLearn about the tools the Fed uses to influence interest rates and general economic conditions.
MarketsLearn about three times that the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) and the Federal Reserve took positive steps to help the economy in the 21st century.
MarketsAvoid unpleasant surprises by paying attention to economic data relied upon by the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) when making decisions on monetary policy.
MarketsLearn of several competing explanations about why the Federal Reserve has kept interest rates so low in the United States since 2008.
MarketsWe all know that the Federal Reserve utilizes monetary policy to control the economy, but what do the 12 regional Federal Reserve Banks do?