Capital Asset Pricing Model - CAPM
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CAPM is a model that describes the relationship between risk and expected return.
The Debt-Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR) is a simple way to analyze whether a company can adequately manage its borrowing costs. The ratio helps banks evaluate the credit worthiness of an organization that is applying for a loan. It also tips off investors to companies carrying a debt level that could be destructive.
The wealth effect is a psychological phenomenon that causes people to spend more as the value of their assets rises. The premise is that when consumers' homes or investment portfolios increase in value, they feel more financially secure, so they increase their spending.
Operating leverage tells investors about the relationship between a company's fixed and variable costs. The higher a company's fixed costs in relation to its variable costs, the greater its operating leverage, and vice versa.
Inventory turnover is a ratio that shows how quickly a company uses up its supply of goods over a given time frame. Inventory turnover may be calculated as the market value of sales divided by ending inventory, or as cost of goods sold (COGS) divided by average inventory.
Return on Invested Capital, or ROIC, is a fundamental method of determining a company's financial performance. It is used to measure how well a company is investing its capital. ROIC is calculated as: (Net Income - Dividends) / Invested Capital
The dividend payout ratio and retention ratio measure how much profit a company gives back to shareholders as dividends. When a business earns money, it must decide whether to use all of its earnings for future operations or to pass some of it along to stockholders through a quarterly dividend check.
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