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Learn more about the generally accepted accounting principles, standards and procedures that companies use to compile their financial statements.
Whether a company chooses FIFO or LIFO has important implications for the bottom line and for tax liability.
The Debt-Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR) is a simple way to analyze whether a company can adequately manage its borrowing costs. The ratio helps banks evaluate the credit worthiness of an organization that is applying for a loan. It also tips off investors to companies carrying a debt level that could be destructive.
Selling, general and administrative expenses (SG&A) are a company's total direct and indirect costs from selling its product or service as well as its total general and administrative expenses. The company reports its SG&A on the income statement.
Operating leverage tells investors about the relationship between a company's fixed and variable costs. The higher a company's fixed costs in relation to its variable costs, the greater its operating leverage, and vice versa.
Inventory turnover is a ratio that shows how quickly a company uses up its supply of goods over a given time frame. Inventory turnover may be calculated as the market value of sales divided by ending inventory, or as cost of goods sold (COGS) divided by average inventory.
Return on Invested Capital, or ROIC, is a fundamental method of determining a company's financial performance. It is used to measure how well a company is investing its capital. ROIC is calculated as: (Net Income - Dividends) / Invested Capital
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