Currencies are quoted in pairs, for example the USD/EUR is the U.S. dollar/euro. Using this quotation, the value of a currency is determined by its comparison to another currency. The first currency of a currency pair is called the base currency, and the second currency is called the quote currency. The currency pair shows how much of the quote currency is needed to purchase one unit of the base currency.

For example, if the USD/EUR currency pair is quoted as being USD/EUR = 0.8000 and you purchase the pair; this means that for every 0.80 euros you sell, you purchase (receive) US$1. If you sell the currency pair, you will receive 0.80 euros for every US$1 you sell. The inverse of the currency quote is EUR/USD, and the corresponding price would be EUR/USD = 1.25, meaning that US$1.25 would buy 1 euro. (To learn more, read Why is currency always quoted in pairs?)



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