A real estate investment trust (REIT) is a dividend-paying stock that focuses on real estate. REITS accumulate a pool of money through an initial public offering (IPO), which is then used to buy, develop, manage and sell assets in real estate. The IPO is identical to any other security offering with many of the same rules regarding prospectuses, reporting requirements and regulations; however, instead of purchasing stock in a single company, the owner of one REIT unit is buying a portion of a managed pool of real estate. This pool of real estate then generates income through renting, leasing and selling of property and distributes it directly to the REIT holder on a regular basis.

Shares are offered to the public via the major exchanges. In this way, a REIT is similar to any other stock that represents ownership in an operating business. Each share REIT represents a proportionate fraction of ownership in each of the underlying properties. Unlike commons stock however, REITs are similar to mutual funds in that they must distribute most of its profits as dividends.

Equity And Mortgage REITs

Related Articles
  1. Investing

    The REIT Way

    Ever considered investing in real estate? Read about the REIT and see if it's the investment for you.
  2. Investing

    At Look at REITS vs. Real Estate Mutual Funds (ESRT, TRREX)

    REITs and real estate mutual funds have their differences, but they both offer liquidity and easy access to diversified real estate assets.
  3. Investing

    REITs vs. REIT ETFs: How They Compare

    Learn about the difference in investing in a REIT for a single real estate company versus investing in a REIT ETF that tracks a larger REIT index.
  4. Investing

    What Is a REIT and Does It Belong in My Portfolio?

    Real estate investment trusts offer a unique way for investors to own a real estate portfolio without the risks of owning single properties.
  5. Investing

    Real Estate Investing in a High-Interest-Rate Environment

    Learn how private real estate investing and public real estate investing (or investing in REITs) is affected by a high-interest rate environment.
  6. Investing

    REITs Could be Affected by Higher Interest Rates

    Learn how REITs may be impacted by an increase in interest rates, and understand why certain types of REITs could benefit from higher rates.
  7. Financial Advisor

    REITs: Still a Viable Investment?

    Are REITs viable investments now? Here's a look at the history of REITs' performance during rocky economic times and other factors that may impact returns.
  8. Investing

    REITs 101: How They're Regulated

    Here's everything you need to know about REITs in less than five minutes.
  9. Investing

    Investing and Analysing the Vanguard REIT ETF

    Learn about the Vanguard REIT ETF and how it provides an easy and inexpensive way to diversify portfolios into the real estate sector.
Frequently Asked Questions
  1. How did the ABX index behave during the 2008 subprime mortgage crisis?

    Read about the disastrous performance of the various ABX indexes in the subprime mortgage crisis of 2008 during the middle ...
  2. How did moral hazard contribute to the 2008 financial crisis?

    Learn about moral hazard, how it can affect outcomes and how it contributed to the conditions that led to the 2008 financial ...
  3. Which mutual funds made money in 2008?

    Read about the only mutual fund that turned a profit in 2008. Learn about risk-averse investment strategies and the financial ...
  4. Were Collateralized Debt Obligations (CDO) Responsible for the 2008 Financial Crisis?

    Collateralized debt obligations are exotic financial instruments that can be difficult to understand, Learn the role they ...
Trading Center