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Compound interest is interest calculated on the initial principal and also on the accumulated interest of previous periods of a deposit or loan.
Retained earnings are the cumulative net earnings or profit of a firm after accounting for dividends — some people refer to them as the earnings surplus.
Liquidity is the degree to which an asset or security can be quickly bought or sold in the market without affecting the asset's price.
An income statement is one of the three major financial statements that reports a company's financial performance over a specific accounting period.
A security is a fungible, negotiable financial instrument that represents some type of financial value, usually in the form of a stock, bond, or option.
Short selling is the sale of a security that is not owned by the seller or that the seller has borrowed in the hope that the price will go down.
An asset's book value is equal to its carrying value on the balance sheet, and companies calculate it by netting the asset against its accumulated depreciation.
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