What Is Form 1099-PATR?
The forms in the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS's) 1099 series help taxpayers report monies received from a variety of less-familiar sources. Form 1099-PATR, "Taxable Distributions Received From Cooperatives," is the IRS form that taxpayers are sent to allow them to report distributions they received from a cooperative that may have to be included in their taxable income.
You receive this form if in the previous year you were paid at least $10 in patronage dividends and other distributions by a cooperative as described in the Internal Revenue Code. A patronage dividend is a dividend or distribution that a cooperative pays to its members or investors based on a proportion of profit that the business makes.
Form 1099-PATR often reports dividends associated with farms, but you can also receive it for other reasons, including if you had any federal income tax withheld in connection with the cooperative under backup withholding rules, regardless of the amount of the payment. You enter the information into your tax return under general business or farming income.
- You receive a 1099-PATR if in the previous year you were paid at least $10 in patronage dividends and other distributions from a cooperative.
- It is often used to report dividends associated with farms, but you can also receive it for other reasons, including if you had any federal income tax withheld in connection with a cooperative.
- In some cases your form will show your share of the deduction and monies the tax code allows your cooperative to claim.
How to Read Form 1099-PATR
The 1099-PATR will include all or part of your taxpayer identification number (TIN), Social Security number, adoption taxpayer identification number, or employer identification number. The form also shows your account number and the amount you were paid. The latter might be more detailed if you were part of a farmer's cooperative and may include such items as your share of allocations paid in cash, qualified per-unit retain certificates, and other property. Your form will show the federal income tax you had withheld if you didn’t give your correct TIN to the cooperative.
In some cases your form will show your share of the deduction and monies the tax code allows your cooperative to claim under new regulations that are part of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. Additional information includes your share of the cooperative’s Internal Revenue Code Section 199A(g) deduction passed through to you. This amount must have been designated in a written notice sent to you earlier from the cooperative and is the amount of qualified payments paid to you on which the cooperative computed its section 199A(g) deduction.
Some of the above may also qualify as items from trades or businesses that are not a specified service trade or business (SSTB) for purposes of the section 199A(a) deduction, which will also be on your 1099-PATR.
All copies of Form 1099-PATR are available on the IRS website.
The 1099-PATR will also show your federal tax credits. These include investment credits, the work opportunity credit, and others, including credits for renewable energy and refined fuel, empowerment zones, and small-employer health insurance premiums.
Some cooperatives may be exempt from having to file a 1099-PATR.
There has been frequent discussion as to whether patronage dividends from worker cooperatives should be subject to self-employment tax. Also, a cooperative determined to be primarily engaged in the retail sale of goods or services that are generally for personal, living, or family use of the members may be exempt from filing a 1099-PATR.
The Bottom Line
Form 1099-PATR is an important form when you report cooperative and business income on your tax return. It contains considerable specific information that must be reported correctly and in the right tax categories. If you have questions, work with a tax preparer or expert.