New Direction Financial Strategies, LLC
Certified Divorce Financial Analyst, Financial Planner
J.F. Kennedy said, ”If not I, who? if not now, when?” Michelle Buonincontri was moved and inspired by this quote when she first heard this and joined her children's School Board - more than 17 years later it is still her call to action.
“Belief” is Michelle's number one Gallup strength - her beliefs, in conjunction with this message, drive life her choices. Those with this theme “have certain core values that are enduring. .. your Belief theme causes you to be family-oriented, altruistic, even spiritual, and to value responsibility and high ethics both in yourself and others. These core values affect your behavior in many ways... it also demands that you find work that meshes with your values. Your work must be meaningful; it must matter to you" In 2009 when her divorce began, too many friends, family members, her children and herself were adversely affected by the divorce process.
At this time, Michelle founded her own firm, FOAL Planning, Inc, inspired by the vision of being and having a Faith-filled, Overflowing, Abundant Life; specializing in Investment Management and tax preparation After her divorce, she left her New York State Registered Investment Advisory firm in 2012 and moved to Arizona; worked with Schwab Private Client Investor Advisor, Inc., as an Portfolio Manager, and then joined a small RIA as a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ (CFP®), where she provided clients with Financial Planning, Investment Management and Retirement Income planning services.
Now, after 20+ years in Financial services, working with corporate/business clients and individuals to define goals/objectives and implement solutions, she is nudged again - this time to found Being Mindful in Divorce, so that she can use her own personal and professional experiences to support couples, and professionals during the divorce process – to be a contribution to others.
Michelle holds the CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ (CFP®) designation, and has experience in Financial Planning, Investments, and taxation with specialized training as a Certified Divorce Financial Analyst (CDFA™) to address her clients concerns before, during and after divorce. Additionally, she is a registered Tax Preparer, is a contributing writer for Credit.com, trained as a mediator and a life coach, and volunteers as a presenter and financial coach at Fresh Start Women’s Foundation in Phoenix. Currently, serve as a WINS Advocate for the CFP Board, and have served as Director of Public Relations for the Financial Planning Association of Greater Phoenix, and as the Director of Communications for the Financial Planning Association's Long Island Chapter. Michelle is also a member of the Maricopa County Association of Family Mediators, The Institute for Divorce Financial Analysts, The Association of Divorce Financial Planners and on a more local note a member of the Chamber of Commerce.
Michelle has the privilege of creating a life she loves to live, and she wants to help her clients do that as well!
BAS, Business Administration and Communication, Adelphi University
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THis depends on a few factors and the typr of IRA:
1) If the withdrawal if from contributions made to a Roth IRA, the entire withdrawal is Tax free. The portion taken from earnings is taxable at your effective tax rate and if the Roth account has not been open for at least 5 years and you are under 59 1/2 there is an adtional 10% penalty on the 160K.
2) The first 10,000 withdrawn from a traditional tax-defferred IRA before age 59 1/2 is excluded from the 10% early withdrawal penalty under the "first-time homebuyer exclusion"
For example, if you each took out 80,000
70,000 70,000 = 140,000 * 10% penalty = $14,000 early w/d penalty
160,000 * ?? = $ taxes on $160K depends on your adjusted gross income and your effective tax bracket
* If your effective tax bracket were 20% in this example the taxes would be $32K +14K
early withdrawal penalty = 46K lost tp taxes and penalty
Risk = return and I hear safety and risk-free are your priorities for this money. Having said that, consider creating a CD ladder. CD’s purchased from a bank and insured by FDIC would meet your objectives. CD rates have been creeping up since earlier this year with 1-2.5% for 6 months to 1 year maturities.. This part of the market seems to be the sweet spot for rates and would allow you to take advantage of rising rates as the CD mature and you roll them roll them into higher interest rates CD’s
Check out this link for daily updates on the best CD rates https://www.bankrate.com/landing/cd-rates/?pid=semgdtexactcdsprates&sortprods=&prods=&ttcid=cd%20rates|c|kwd-10498591|g|1013452&utm_source=google&utm_medium=c. pc&utm_term=cd%20rates&utm_cmpid=1024761482&utm_adgid=49693526839&utm_tgtid=kwd-10498591&utm_mt=e&utm_adid=246156837520&utm_dvc=c&utm_ntwk=g&utm_adpos=1t1&utm_plcmnt=&utm_locphysid=1013452&utm_locintid=&utm_feeditemid=&utm_devicemdl=&utm_plcmnttgt=&gclid=Cj0KCQjww8jcBRDZARIsAJGCSGuYFMDwxtMU5bTIjj4qq-foGmYo-WebxC_FpjQ8IB3xtw8Yi9SMr9QaAu2eEALw_wcB
The goals that you are discussing are short-term goals and would be best served with
- something safe with low risk - (where you wouldn't lose your $7000 or interest earned) – This is called “preservation of capital”
- liquidity - something you could have access to easily without penalty fees
Interest rates are slowly inching up and you can find 6 month Certificate of Deposits (CD's) at some bank for 2% and 2.25% for 1 year. You may consider using 6 month CD's, and rolling them into new CD’s once the 6 months is up/the CD matures so that you can take advantage of rising interest rates and get a higher rate on the new CD. This strategy will earn you interest, is safe and has liquidity.
Typically, bonds are placed in a "tax-deferred" account such as an 401(k) or IRA because when they are placed in an "after tax" brokerage account the "interest" increases your adjusted gross income and is taxed as your higher ordinary income rate annually.
If you are in a high-tax bracket now and believe you may be in a lower bracket at retirement this makes sense because you are putting off the taxation. Municipal bonds are usually kept in brokerage accounts because their interest is not added to income, and is federal tax free. In some cases the interest is also state & local tax free, this allows your tax-able income to be lower which may be important so that more of your social security is not taxable, or you are not knocked into the next tax bracket by the additional interest income.
Along the same logic, risker assets like stock, which will appreciate in value and may pay dividends are placed in the brokerage account because they get preferential "capital gains" tax rates & may get the "qualified dividend rate" which can result in a 0%/10%/15%/20% tax rates which are more desirable that ordinary income tax rates.
Depending on your tax rate now and what it will be in retirement, and the type of bonds in your brokerage account it, the type of account the bonds are in, may not make a significant difference.
For example: if you are 20 years old today, paying 15% or less in taxes, most likely when you retirement you will be in a higher tax bracket, let's say 25%. For now, keeping those non-municipal/taxable bonds in your brokerage account makes more sense because only the inteerst is taxed at your low rate. If they were in your 401 (k) every dollar, both the bonds and the interest would be taxed at the 25% in retirement when you made withdrawals.
Hope that makes sense!
Yes, that is correct the employer match is typically in a "tax-deferred" account and as a result would need to be rolled-over to a traditional IRA. Employers get a corporate tax break by contributing a "match" on a pre-tax or tax-deferred basis.